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sa x: Model Natacha Jaitt found dead after exposing paedophile ring https://honey.nine.com.au» 9Honey, Latest ▼ 18 hours ago - Model Natacha Jaitt was found dead in Argentina on Saturday after posting a desperate Twitter message, warning that she may be in danger Natacha Jaitt Follow @NatachaJaitt AVISO: No me voy a suicidar, no me voy a pasar de merca y ahogar en una bañera, no me voy apegar ningún tiro, así que si eso pasa, NO NO FUI. Guarden tuit Translate Tweet 12:06 PM-5 Apr 2018 14,342 Retweets 31,518 Likes e thefingerfuckingfemalefury: fuckyeahwarriorwomen: peachy-political: uppityamy: leviathan-supersystem: “Notice: I will not commit suicide. I won’t be bought off or drown in a bath tub, nor will I shoot myself in the head. So, if that happens: I wasn’t me. Save this tweet.” According to the Buenos Aires Times, there are now “unconfirmed reports” the mother-of-two consumed “excessive amounts of cocaine, LSD and champagne” on Friday — the night she attended the event with a friend. But while local news outlets have reported autopsy results showed Ms Jaitt suffered multiple organ failure with no sign of violence, her brother claims she wouldn’t have taken drugs as they would have reacted to medication she had just started taking. Reddit users also claimed pictures of Ms Jaitt’s naked body had been posted online shortly after her death before being hastily deleted. Source Police arrived at the Xanadu event complex near the capital of Argentina, where Jaitt was found unresponsive in bed. After her death was confirmed, police began investigating. A coroner determined on Saturday that Jaitt died of multi-organ failure; her body showed no signs of violence. She was a widow and mother of two children. Source (check out this one to see the horrifying things Pope Francis is doing) Read the above and not that her brother, who helped her testify with the abused children, is saying that there is no way she killed herself like this. She was found overdosed and naked at a party that she was never supposed to go to at the first place. They stole this woman’s dignity. murdered her, and orphaned her children. Here is a list of people she exposed: Pope Francis  Gustavo Vera (friend of Pope Francis) Martín Bustos (who ran pedophile ring) Tomás Beldi (lawyer who destroyed evidence vital to case) Juan Manuel Díaz Vallone (Managed the football players) Alejandro Carlos Dal Cin Silvio Fleyta Leo Cohen Arazi (Worked in Public Relations) Spanish source for list  English source for list  (note: information on her is hard to find, but she apparently made several other busts, I just can’t find the names she released because fucking google is evil) Significant links: Here is an English source for the pedophile ring that she exposed Abuse tracker- an archive holding the church accountable  Here are the 4chan users with information on the case. (Thread has interesting links and information) Don’t forget what this woman did, and what they did to her.  She knew she was putting herself at risk. She knew she was going to die. She didn’t care, she wanted this story out. She wanted the victims to see justice. Remember this.  I so hope this person is still alive to expose literally everything Died: 23 February 2019, Benavídez, Argentina  Born: 13 August 1977, Buenos Aires, Argentina Children: Valentino Yospe, Antonella Olivera <3 This woman was a hero <3
 sa x: Model Natacha Jaitt found dead after exposing paedophile ring
 https://honey.nine.com.au» 9Honey, Latest ▼
 18 hours ago - Model Natacha Jaitt was found dead in Argentina on Saturday after posting a
 desperate Twitter message, warning that she may be in danger

 Natacha Jaitt
 Follow
 @NatachaJaitt
 AVISO: No me voy a suicidar, no me voy a
 pasar de merca y ahogar en una bañera, no
 me voy apegar ningún tiro, así que si eso
 pasa, NO NO FUI. Guarden tuit
 Translate Tweet
 12:06 PM-5 Apr 2018
 14,342 Retweets 31,518 Likes
 e
thefingerfuckingfemalefury:

fuckyeahwarriorwomen:

peachy-political:

uppityamy:


leviathan-supersystem:
“Notice:
 I will not commit suicide. I won’t be bought off or drown in a bath 
tub, nor will I shoot myself in the head. So, if that happens: I wasn’t 
me. Save this tweet.”

According to the Buenos Aires Times, there are now “unconfirmed reports” the mother-of-two consumed “excessive amounts of cocaine, LSD and champagne” on Friday — the night she attended the event with a friend.
But while local news outlets have reported autopsy results showed Ms Jaitt suffered multiple organ failure with no sign of violence, her brother claims she wouldn’t have taken drugs as they would have reacted to medication she had just started taking.
Reddit users also claimed pictures of Ms Jaitt’s naked body had been posted online shortly after her death before being hastily deleted.
Source 
Police arrived at the Xanadu event complex near the capital of Argentina, where Jaitt was found unresponsive in bed. After her death was confirmed, police began investigating. A coroner determined on Saturday that Jaitt died of multi-organ failure; her body showed no signs of violence. She was a widow and mother of two children.
Source (check out this one to see the horrifying things Pope Francis is doing)

Read the above and not that her brother, who helped her testify with the abused children, is saying that there is no way she killed herself like this.
She was found overdosed and naked at a party that she was never supposed to go to at the first place. They stole this woman’s dignity. murdered her, and orphaned her children. 
Here is a list of people she exposed:
Pope Francis 
Gustavo Vera (friend of Pope Francis)
Martín Bustos (who ran pedophile ring)
Tomás Beldi (lawyer who destroyed evidence vital to case)
Juan Manuel Díaz Vallone (Managed the football players)
Alejandro Carlos Dal Cin
Silvio Fleyta
Leo Cohen Arazi (Worked in Public Relations)
Spanish source for list 
English source for list 
(note: information on her is hard to find, but she apparently made several other busts, I just can’t find the names she released because fucking google is evil)
Significant links:
Here is an English source for the pedophile ring that she exposed
Abuse tracker- an archive holding the church accountable 
Here are the 4chan users with information on the case. (Thread has interesting links and information)
Don’t forget what this woman did, and what they did to her. 
She knew she was putting herself at risk. She knew she was going to die. She didn’t care, she wanted this story out. She wanted the victims to see justice. Remember this. 


I so hope this person is still alive to expose literally everything


Died: 23 February 2019, Benavídez, Argentina 
Born: 13 August 1977, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Children: Valentino Yospe, Antonella Olivera



<3 This woman was a hero <3

thefingerfuckingfemalefury: fuckyeahwarriorwomen: peachy-political: uppityamy: leviathan-supersystem: “Notice: I will not commit su...

sa x: In real life: Gaiman and Pratchett did a radio interview when the book came out, and slowly realized that the interviewer wasn't aware that the book was fictional, and thought they were a couple of religious kooks writing about what they thought would be the real apocalypse. They spent the rest of it viciously trolling him. your memory.. I said 'What is it you need to know?'," begins Gaiman, wryly "He said 'Well, you remember we were on the Good Omens author tour in February 1990'... He said 'We were in New York and we went to that ABC affiliate radio station, and the interviewer had not actually read the book. So when we started telling him about Agnes Nutter.. we started explaining about this 17th century witch who all of her predictions were true... He did not realise this was fictional. We realised he had not read the book, and the engineers in the control room behind the glass panel who we could see and he could not, were lying on their backs kicking their legs against the walls. kyraneko: katy-133: mirrorfalls: katy-133: If anyone ever finds a copy of this 1990 New York radio interview for Good Omens’ book tour, please let me know immediately. Because it’s bound to be hilarious. The original source for this was a 1991 Locus interview with Gaiman. Stay tuned for more details… Oh my gosh. “He didn’t know enough to stop us” is the best sort of situation ever.
 sa x: In real life: Gaiman and Pratchett did a radio interview when the book came out, and
 slowly realized that the interviewer wasn't aware that the book was fictional, and
 thought they were a couple of religious kooks writing about what they thought would be
 the real apocalypse. They spent the rest of it viciously trolling him.

 your memory.. I said 'What is it you need to know?'," begins Gaiman, wryly
 "He said 'Well, you remember we were on the Good Omens author tour in
 February 1990'... He said 'We were in New York and we went to that ABC
 affiliate radio station, and the interviewer had not actually read the book.
 So when we started telling him about Agnes Nutter.. we started explaining
 about this 17th century witch who all of her predictions were true... He did
 not realise this was fictional. We realised he had not read the book, and the
 engineers in the control room behind the glass panel who we could see and
 he could not, were lying on their backs kicking their legs against the walls.
kyraneko:

katy-133:

mirrorfalls:

katy-133:

If anyone ever finds a copy of this 1990 New York radio interview for Good Omens’ book tour, please let me know immediately.
Because it’s bound to be hilarious.

The original source for this was a 1991 Locus interview with Gaiman. Stay tuned for more details…

Oh my gosh.

“He didn’t know enough to stop us” is the best sort of situation ever.

kyraneko: katy-133: mirrorfalls: katy-133: If anyone ever finds a copy of this 1990 New York radio interview for Good Omens’ book tou...

sa x: o the Ningal ssful trading rsian Gulf Complaint about delivery of the wrong grade of copper About 1750 BC (Old Babylonian period) from Ur ME 131236 ian period) peter-pantomime: comparativelysuperlative: prokopetz: thesparkofrevolution: blacktyranitar: thesparkofrevolution: jakovu: dama3: tastefullyoffensive: Babylonian era problems. (photo via tbc34) old school hate mail Imagine how pissed you have to be to engrave a rock Ok but there was this guy called Ea-nasir who was a total crook and would actually cheat people ought of good copper and sell them shit instead. The amount of correspondences complaining to and about this guy are HILARIOUS. Are you telling me we know about a specific guy who lived 5000 years ago, by name, because he was a huge asshole More like 4000 years ago but yes. Ea-nasir and his dodgy business deals. And we haven’t even touched on the true hilarity of the situation yet. Consider two additional facts: He wasn’t just into copper trading. There are letters complaining about Ea-nasir’s business practices with respect to everything from kitchenwares to real estate speculation to second-hand clothing. The guy was everywhere. The majority of the surviving correspondences regarding Ea-nasir were recovered from one particular room in a building that is believed to have been Ea-nasir’s own house. Like, these are clay tablets. They’re bulky, fragile, and difficult to store. They typically weren’t kept long-term unless they contained financial records or other vital information (which is why we have huge reams of financial data about ancient Babylon in spite of how little we know about the actual culture: most of the surviving tablets are commercial inventories, bills of sale, etc.). But this guy, this Ea-nasir, he kept all of his angry letters - hundreds of them - and meticulously filed and preserved them in a dedicated room in his house. What kind of guy does that? [ source ] Okay, but imagine from the other guy’s point of view. You send angry letters about how Ea-nasir shipped you half a ton of subpar copper, and then 3800 years later— History: you are without a doubt the worst business man ive ever heard of Ea-nasir:
 sa x: o the Ningal
 ssful trading
 rsian Gulf
 Complaint about delivery
 of the wrong grade of copper
 About 1750 BC (Old Babylonian
 period) from Ur
 ME 131236
 ian period)
peter-pantomime:
comparativelysuperlative:

prokopetz:

thesparkofrevolution:


blacktyranitar:

thesparkofrevolution:

jakovu:

dama3:

tastefullyoffensive:
Babylonian era problems. (photo via tbc34)
old school hate mail


Imagine how pissed you have to be to engrave a rock


Ok but there was this guy called Ea-nasir who was a total crook and would actually cheat people ought of good copper and sell them shit instead. The amount of correspondences complaining to and about this guy are HILARIOUS.


Are you telling me we know about a specific guy who lived 5000 years ago, by name, because he was a huge asshole


More like 4000 years ago but yes. Ea-nasir and his dodgy business deals.


And we haven’t even touched on the true hilarity of the situation yet. Consider two additional facts:
He wasn’t just into copper trading. There are letters complaining about Ea-nasir’s business practices with respect to everything from kitchenwares to real estate speculation to second-hand clothing. The guy was everywhere.
The majority of the surviving correspondences regarding Ea-nasir were recovered from one particular room in a building that is believed to have been Ea-nasir’s own house.
Like, these are clay tablets. They’re bulky, fragile, and difficult to store. They typically weren’t kept long-term unless they contained financial records or other vital information (which is why we have huge reams of financial data about ancient Babylon in spite of how little we know about the actual culture: most of the surviving tablets are commercial inventories, bills of sale, etc.).
But this guy, this Ea-nasir, he kept all of his angry letters - hundreds of them - and meticulously filed and preserved them in a dedicated room in his house. What kind of guy does that?
[ source ]

Okay, but imagine from the other guy’s point of view. You send angry letters about how Ea-nasir shipped you half a ton of subpar copper, and then 3800 years later—


History: you are without a doubt the worst business man ive ever heard of
Ea-nasir:

peter-pantomime: comparativelysuperlative: prokopetz: thesparkofrevolution: blacktyranitar: thesparkofrevolution: jakovu: dama3:...

sa x: lovingexotics: BlackbuckAntilope cervicapraSource: Here
 sa x: lovingexotics:

BlackbuckAntilope cervicapraSource: Here

lovingexotics: BlackbuckAntilope cervicapraSource: Here

sa x: neo-catharsis: The Wicker man, 1973
 sa x: neo-catharsis:

The Wicker man, 1973

neo-catharsis: The Wicker man, 1973

sa x: SpantaloshI Para flipar la cantidad de contenido que hay relacionado
 sa x: SpantaloshI
Para flipar la cantidad de contenido que hay relacionado

Para flipar la cantidad de contenido que hay relacionado

sa x: bunjywunjy: everydaylouie: tibetan sand fox
 sa x: bunjywunjy:
everydaylouie:
tibetan sand fox

bunjywunjy: everydaylouie: tibetan sand fox

sa x: Meninist @MeninistTweet 41m Girls right now pic.twitter.com/9L8aTa2c6s eeoo Verizon 11:49 AM @ 86%.ll. X how to impress a guy with your football knowledge Go... how to impress a guy vx Web Videos Images News More How to Impress Boys by Pretending to Like Football Chicks Are Weird who is in the superbowl Google Search who is in the superbowx WebNews Images Videos More NFL Super Bowl XLIX Today, 5:30 PM on NBC what is a touchdown Google Search what is a touchdown Web Videos News Shopping More touch-down /teCH doun/ how to play sports Google Search how to play sports Web images Videos New More* 5 Reasons for Girls to Play Sports - KiddsHealth m.kidshoalth.org ToonsFood & Fitness Mobiles-friendlY -Plnying organized sports can belp giris do better off the field as wail as on.Hind out how 5 steps to understand football Google Search 5 steps to understand f New How t Understand Fc ot ball Terrn ts: 5 StepS (with Pictures) Private Done Becks @BecksWelker Following @Meninist I weet hey l found yours AT&T 3:22 PM 46% (10, why are girls mean to me?-Google Search why are girls mex Web Videos Images Shopping More 28 Things Girls Say Vs. What They Actually Mean | Thought Catalog thoughtcatalog.com/.../28-things-girls-sa... x why can't I suck my own dick? Google Search why can't I suck x We b Videos Shopping News More ▼ How to Suck Your Own Dick | VICE | United States www.vice.com/.../how-to-suck-your-own... Mobile-friendly Jun 11, 2012 x do people on the internet like me? - Google Se... do people on thX Web Videos News Images More Whatdoestheinternetthink.net What does the internet think? www.whatdoestheinternetthink.net/ Mobile-friendly Ever wondered what the internet thinks about.. let's say.. Barack Private Done slayquazaa:my brother doesn’t fucking play
 sa x: Meninist @MeninistTweet 41m
 Girls right now pic.twitter.com/9L8aTa2c6s
 eeoo Verizon
 11:49 AM
 @ 86%.ll.
 X how to impress a guy with your football knowledge Go...
 how to impress a guy vx
 Web Videos Images News More
 How to Impress Boys by Pretending to
 Like Football Chicks Are Weird
 who is in the superbowl Google Search
 who is in the superbowx
 WebNews Images Videos More
 NFL Super Bowl XLIX
 Today, 5:30 PM on NBC
 what is a touchdown Google Search
 what is a touchdown
 Web
 Videos
 News
 Shopping
 More
 touch-down
 /teCH doun/
 how to play sports Google Search
 how to play sports
 Web
 images
 Videos
 New
 More*
 5 Reasons for Girls to Play Sports -
 KiddsHealth
 m.kidshoalth.org ToonsFood & Fitness
 Mobiles-friendlY -Plnying organized sports can belp
 giris do better off the field as wail as on.Hind out
 how
 5 steps to understand football Google Search
 5 steps to understand f
 New
 How t Understand Fc ot ball Terrn ts: 5
 StepS (with Pictures)
 Private
 Done

 Becks
 @BecksWelker
 Following
 @Meninist I weet hey l found yours
 AT&T
 3:22 PM
 46% (10,
 why are girls mean to me?-Google Search
 why are girls mex
 Web Videos Images Shopping More
 28 Things Girls Say Vs. What They
 Actually Mean | Thought Catalog
 thoughtcatalog.com/.../28-things-girls-sa...
 x why can't I suck my own dick? Google Search
 why can't I suck x
 We
 b
 Videos
 Shopping
 News
 More ▼
 How to Suck Your Own Dick |
 VICE | United States
 www.vice.com/.../how-to-suck-your-own...
 Mobile-friendly Jun 11, 2012
 x do people on the internet like me? - Google Se...
 do people on thX
 Web
 Videos
 News
 Images
 More
 Whatdoestheinternetthink.net
 What does the internet think?
 www.whatdoestheinternetthink.net/
 Mobile-friendly Ever wondered what the
 internet thinks about.. let's say.. Barack
 Private
 Done
slayquazaa:my brother doesn’t fucking play

slayquazaa:my brother doesn’t fucking play

sa x: o the Ningal ssful trading rsian Gulf Complaint about delivery of the wrong grade of copper About 1750 BC (Old Babylonian period) from Ur ME 131236 ian period) tatterdemalionamberite: peter-pantomime: comparativelysuperlative: prokopetz: thesparkofrevolution: blacktyranitar: thesparkofrevolution: jakovu: dama3: tastefullyoffensive: Babylonian era problems. (photo via tbc34) old school hate mail Imagine how pissed you have to be to engrave a rock Ok but there was this guy called Ea-nasir who was a total crook and would actually cheat people ought of good copper and sell them shit instead. The amount of correspondences complaining to and about this guy are HILARIOUS. Are you telling me we know about a specific guy who lived 5000 years ago, by name, because he was a huge asshole More like 4000 years ago but yes. Ea-nasir and his dodgy business deals. And we haven’t even touched on the true hilarity of the situation yet. Consider two additional facts: He wasn’t just into copper trading. There are letters complaining about Ea-nasir’s business practices with respect to everything from kitchenwares to real estate speculation to second-hand clothing. The guy was everywhere. The majority of the surviving correspondences regarding Ea-nasir were recovered from one particular room in a building that is believed to have been Ea-nasir’s own house. Like, these are clay tablets. They’re bulky, fragile, and difficult to store. They typically weren’t kept long-term unless they contained financial records or other vital information (which is why we have huge reams of financial data about ancient Babylon in spite of how little we know about the actual culture: most of the surviving tablets are commercial inventories, bills of sale, etc.). But this guy, this Ea-nasir, he kept all of his angry letters - hundreds of them - and meticulously filed and preserved them in a dedicated room in his house. What kind of guy does that? [ source ] Okay, but imagine from the other guy’s point of view. You send angry letters about how Ea-nasir shipped you half a ton of subpar copper, and then 3800 years later— History: you are without a doubt the worst business man ive ever heard of Ea-nasir: @binghsien
 sa x: o the Ningal
 ssful trading
 rsian Gulf
 Complaint about delivery
 of the wrong grade of copper
 About 1750 BC (Old Babylonian
 period) from Ur
 ME 131236
 ian period)
tatterdemalionamberite:

peter-pantomime:

comparativelysuperlative:

prokopetz:

thesparkofrevolution:


blacktyranitar:

thesparkofrevolution:

jakovu:

dama3:

tastefullyoffensive:
Babylonian era problems. (photo via tbc34)
old school hate mail


Imagine how pissed you have to be to engrave a rock


Ok but there was this guy called Ea-nasir who was a total crook and would actually cheat people ought of good copper and sell them shit instead. The amount of correspondences complaining to and about this guy are HILARIOUS.


Are you telling me we know about a specific guy who lived 5000 years ago, by name, because he was a huge asshole


More like 4000 years ago but yes. Ea-nasir and his dodgy business deals.


And we haven’t even touched on the true hilarity of the situation yet. Consider two additional facts:
He wasn’t just into copper trading. There are letters complaining about Ea-nasir’s business practices with respect to everything from kitchenwares to real estate speculation to second-hand clothing. The guy was everywhere.
The majority of the surviving correspondences regarding Ea-nasir were recovered from one particular room in a building that is believed to have been Ea-nasir’s own house.
Like, these are clay tablets. They’re bulky, fragile, and difficult to store. They typically weren’t kept long-term unless they contained financial records or other vital information (which is why we have huge reams of financial data about ancient Babylon in spite of how little we know about the actual culture: most of the surviving tablets are commercial inventories, bills of sale, etc.).
But this guy, this Ea-nasir, he kept all of his angry letters - hundreds of them - and meticulously filed and preserved them in a dedicated room in his house. What kind of guy does that?
[ source ]

Okay, but imagine from the other guy’s point of view. You send angry letters about how Ea-nasir shipped you half a ton of subpar copper, and then 3800 years later—


History: you are without a doubt the worst business man ive ever heard of
Ea-nasir: 

@binghsien

tatterdemalionamberite: peter-pantomime: comparativelysuperlative: prokopetz: thesparkofrevolution: blacktyranitar: thesparkofrevo...

sa x: Crucified Armenian Christian Girls Islam is responsible for the ARMENIAN GENOCIDE, in which 2 million Armenian Christians were murdered and starved to death by the Ottoman Caliphate. This is what ISLAM does to our Christian girls. SHARIA LAW is evil, Muslim leaders in America are working to a Caliphate in America <p><a href="https://patron-saint-of-smart-asses.tumblr.com/post/167169381419/empiricalanecdotes-impulsebyimpulse-no-you" class="tumblr_blog">patron-saint-of-smart-asses</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="https://empiricalanecdotes.tumblr.com/post/160123029607/impulsebyimpulse-no-you-do-not-get-to-turn-the" class="tumblr_blog">empiricalanecdotes</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://impulsebyimpulse.tumblr.com/post/160105400925/no-you-do-not-get-to-turn-the-systematic-slaughter" class="tumblr_blog">impulsebyimpulse</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p>NO</p> <p>You do not get to turn the systematic slaughter of my ancestors into your crusade! This was not Islam. This was not about religion! This was about race. This was about the Turkish government seeing a minority they could exploit and use as scape goat’s for the Ottoman empire collapsing. This was about the Armenians siding with Russia in World War I and conflicts before hand.</p> <p>As a woman of Armenian descent and as a proud Christian <i>HOW DARE YOU</i> use my people’s suffering as fodder for your hatred and ill will. You don’t care about Armenians. You don’t care about these girls. You care about getting people to believe as you do or die for refusing.<br/></p> </blockquote> <p><a href="http://www.thecommentator.com/article/5790/ignoring_the_armenian_genocide_by_the_last_islamic_caliphate">http://www.thecommentator.com/article/5790/ignoring_the_armenian_genocide_by_the_last_islamic_caliphate</a><br/></p> <h2><b> Ignoring the Armenian genocide by the last Islamic caliphate</b></h2> <h2>The genocide of Armenian Christians by Ottoman Muslims was very real, so was the appalling torture. Women were raped and crucified, people had horseshoes nailed to their feet as they were marched through the streets. Unspeakable atrocities were perpetrated. Yet almost no-one in the Islamic world, and too few in the West will acknowledge it even happened.</h2> <p>As the world continues to look on in dismay at the barbaric atrocities committed against Christian minorities by the Islamic State – the self-proclaimed new “caliphate” – today, April 24, marks the genocide of Armenian and other Christian minorities by Turkey’s Islamic Ottoman Empire, the last caliphate.</p> <p>Most <a href="http://www.anca.org/genocide/denial.php">American historians</a> who have examined the question agree that what the Armenians experienced was a deliberate, calculated genocide:</p> <p>More than one million Armenians perished as the result of execution, starvation, disease, the harsh environment, and physical abuse. A people who lived in eastern Turkey for nearly 3,000 years [that is, 2,500 years before the Islamic Turks invaded and occupied Anatolia, now known as “Turkey”] lost its homeland and was profoundly decimated in the first large-scale genocide of the twentieth century. At the beginning of 1915 there were some two million Armenians within Turkey; today there are fewer than 60,000.</p> <p>One-and-a-half million Armenians were eradicated. If early 20<sup>th</sup> century Turkey had had the apparatuses and technology to execute in mass – such as 1940s Germany’s gas chambers – the entire Armenian population could well have been annihilated.</p> <p>The atrocities suffered by Armenian and other Christian minorities are too long to list. As occurs under the current caliphate – the Islamic State – the Muslims of the Ottoman caliphate abducted, raped, and slaughtered or sold countless Christian women and children on the Muslim slave markets.</p> <p>Armenian Christians were also sadistically tortured – as Christians are today under the Islamic State.</p> <p>On <a href="http://www.frontpagemag.com/2015/lloyd-billingsley/the-islamic-state-then-and-now/">FrontPage Magazine</a>, Lloyd Billingsley writes:</p> <p>Torture squads would apply red-hot irons, tear off flesh with hot pincers, then pour boiled butter into the wounds. The soles of the feet would be beaten, slashed, and laced with salt. Dr. Mehmed Reshid tortured Armenians by nailing horseshoes to their feet and marching them through the streets. He also crucified them on makeshift crosses.</p> <p>The Muslims hacked Armenians to pieces and dashed infants on the rocks before their mothers. They burned bodies not for sanitary reasons but in search of gold coins they believed the Armenians had swallowed. The Muslims also tore apart the victims’ feces in the search for gold. U.S. consul Leslie Davis, a former attorney and journalist, documented the Islamic zeal.</p> <p>“We could all hear them piously calling upon Allah to bless them in their efforts to kill the hated Christians,” Davis wrote. “Night after night this same chant went up to heaven and day after day these Turks carried on their bloody work.” Around Lake Goeljik, Davis wrote, “thousands and thousands of Armenians, mostly innocent and helpless women and children, were butchered on its shores and barbarously mutilated.”</p> <p>In her memoir, Ravished Armenia, <a href="http://www.genocide-museum.am/eng/online_exhibition_6.php">Aurora Mardiganian</a> described being raped and thrown into a harem – <a href="http://www.raymondibrahim.com/islam/muhammad-and-islams-sex-slaves/">akin to the experiences of today’s non-Muslims under Islamic State authority</a>.</p> <p>Unlike thousands of other Armenian girls who were killed after being defiled, she managed to escape. She recalls seeing <a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=r_O_lkCGHOsC&amp;pg=PA107&amp;lpg=PA107&amp;dq=%E2%80%9CEach+girl+had+been+nailed+alive+upon+her+cross,+spikes+through+her+feet+and+hands,%E2%80%9D&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=610-sOzCgq&amp;sig=3Na9l_6_2Bci2ulLu7HOFVxsYD0&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ei=cAp4UYyRIqXriwK0rYGICw&amp;ved=0CEAQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&amp;q=%E2%80%9CEach%20girl%20had%20been%20nailed%20alive%20upon%20her%20cross%2C%20spikes%20through%20her%20feet%20and%20hands%2C%E2%80%9D&amp;f=false">16 Christian girls crucified</a> in Malatia: “Each girl had been nailed alive upon her cross, spikes through her feet and hands, only their hair blown by the wind, covered their bodies.”</p> <p>Because there is no dearth of evidence concerning the historical reality of the Armenian Genocide, 44 U.S. States have recognized it. South Dakota, which recently joined the list, <a href="http://armenianweekly.com/2015/02/26/south-dakota/">passed a resolution</a> in February 2015 calling on</p> <p>Congress and the president of the United States to formally and consistently recognize and reaffirm the historical truth that the atrocities committed against the Armenian, Greek, and other Christians living in their historical homelands in Anatolia constituted genocide and to work towards equitable, stable, and durable Armenian-Turkish relations.</p> <p>Turkey, of course, continues to deny that its forbears ever committed any genocide. As a group of American academics <a href="http://www.anca.org/assets/pdf/armenian_genocide_reference/professionalethics_lifton.pdf">wrote back in 1995</a>,</p> <p>Despite the vast amount of evidence that points to the historical reality of the Armenian Genocide – eyewitness accounts, official archives, photographic evidence, the reports of diplomats, and the testimony of survivors – denial of the Armenian Genocide by successive regimes in Turkey has gone on from 1915 to the present.</p> <p>Nor is the Islamic government of Turkey alone in denying the genocide. President Obama still refuses to acknowledge it – even though when he was running for office in 2008 <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20081117033141/http:/www.barackobama.com/2008/01/19/barack_obama_on_the_importance.php">he professed his</a>:</p> <p>firmly held conviction that the Armenian Genocide is not an allegation, a personal opinion, or a point of view, but rather a widely documented fact supported by an overwhelming body of historical evidence. The facts are undeniable….  [A]s President I will recognize the Armenian Genocide….  America deserves a leader who speaks truthfully about the Armenian Genocide and responds forcefully to all genocides. I intend to be that president.</p> <p>Since taking office, Obama has refused to stand by his word. On Tuesday, April 21, the White House announced that it would again, for the seventh year since Obama’s pledge, not use the word “genocide,” thereby disappointing many human rights activists.</p> <p>Writes the <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/22/world/europe/white-house-acknowledges-armenian-genocide-but-avoids-the-term.html?_r=0">New York Times</a>:</p> <p>The president’s continued resistance to the word stood in contrast to a stance by Pope Francis, who recently called the massacres “the first genocide of the 20th century” and equated them to mass killings by the Nazis and Soviets. The European Parliament, which first recognized the genocide in 1987, passed a resolution last week calling on Turkey to “come to terms with its past.”</p> <p>The Armenian National Committee of America responded by saying: “The president’s surrender represents a national disgrace. It is a betrayal of the truth, and it is a betrayal of trust.”  The Armenian Assembly of America said “His failure to use the term genocide represents a major blow for human rights advocates.”</p> <p>But the president’s actions are consistent in other ways. Put differently, it is no marvel that Obama denies the genocide of Armenian and other Christian minorities at the hands of Muslims from a century ago, when one considers that he denies the rampant Muslim persecution of Christians taking place under – <a href="http://www.raymondibrahim.com/muslim-persecution-of-christians/confirmed-u-s-chief-facilitator-of-christian-persecution/">and often partly because of</a> – his leadership today.</p> <p>Raymond Ibrahim, a regular contributor to <a href="http://www.thecommentator.com/">The Commentator</a>, is author of <a href="http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1621570258/ref=as_li_qf_sp_asin_il_tl?ie=UTF8&amp;camp=1789&amp;creative=9325&amp;creativeASIN=1621570258&amp;linkCode=as2&amp;tag=uhurnetw-20">Crucified Again: Exposing Islam’s New War on Christians</a></p> </blockquote> <p> “You care about getting people to believe as you do or die for refusing.” <a class="tumblelog" href="https://tmblr.co/mmzaZqAtysnVR1iZrVV8erw">@impulsebyimpulse</a> I’m pretty sure that’s what the Caliphate did to the Armenians and what IS is doing now to their own enemies; are you really convinced this tumblr post is calling for the death of people who deny the Muslim involvement in these genocides and terror attacks? Get a grip, preferably in reality.<br/></p></blockquote> Sane person: &ldquo;So anyway this horrible genocide was committed by Muslims.&rdquo; <a class="tumblelog" href="https://tmblr.co/mmzaZqAtysnVR1iZrVV8erw">@impulsebyimpulse</a>: &ldquo;HOW DARE YOU BRING THAT UP! YOU JUST WANT AN EXCUSE FOR HATRED!&rdquo; Not every genocide was committed by Muslims, but this particular one was. It&rsquo;s a statement of fact and you don&rsquo;t get to get upset about it because it might make Muslims look bad.
 sa x: Crucified Armenian Christian Girls
 Islam is responsible for the ARMENIAN GENOCIDE, in which 2 million
 Armenian Christians were murdered and starved to death by the Ottoman
 Caliphate. This is what ISLAM does to our Christian girls. SHARIA LAW is
 evil, Muslim leaders in America are working to a Caliphate in America
<p><a href="https://patron-saint-of-smart-asses.tumblr.com/post/167169381419/empiricalanecdotes-impulsebyimpulse-no-you" class="tumblr_blog">patron-saint-of-smart-asses</a>:</p>

<blockquote><p><a href="https://empiricalanecdotes.tumblr.com/post/160123029607/impulsebyimpulse-no-you-do-not-get-to-turn-the" class="tumblr_blog">empiricalanecdotes</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a href="http://impulsebyimpulse.tumblr.com/post/160105400925/no-you-do-not-get-to-turn-the-systematic-slaughter" class="tumblr_blog">impulsebyimpulse</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p>NO</p>
<p>You do not get to turn the systematic slaughter of my ancestors into your crusade! This was not Islam. This was not about religion! This was about race. This was about the Turkish government seeing a minority they could exploit and use as scape goat’s for the Ottoman empire collapsing. This was about the Armenians siding with Russia in World War I and conflicts before hand.</p>
<p>As a woman of Armenian descent and as a proud Christian <i>HOW DARE YOU</i> use my people’s suffering as fodder for your hatred and ill will. You don’t care about Armenians. You don’t care about these girls. You care about getting people to believe as you do or die for refusing.<br/></p>
</blockquote>
<p><a href="http://www.thecommentator.com/article/5790/ignoring_the_armenian_genocide_by_the_last_islamic_caliphate">http://www.thecommentator.com/article/5790/ignoring_the_armenian_genocide_by_the_last_islamic_caliphate</a><br/></p>
<h2><b>

Ignoring the Armenian genocide by the last Islamic caliphate</b></h2>
<h2>The genocide of Armenian Christians by Ottoman Muslims was very real, so was the appalling torture. Women were raped and crucified, people had horseshoes nailed to their feet as they were marched through the streets. Unspeakable atrocities were perpetrated. Yet almost no-one in the Islamic world, and too few in the West will acknowledge it even happened.</h2>
<p>As the world continues to look on in dismay at the barbaric atrocities committed against Christian minorities by the Islamic State – the self-proclaimed new “caliphate” – today, April 24, marks the genocide of Armenian and other Christian minorities by Turkey’s Islamic Ottoman Empire, the last caliphate.</p>
<p>Most <a href="http://www.anca.org/genocide/denial.php">American historians</a> who have examined the question agree that what the Armenians experienced was a deliberate, calculated genocide:</p>
<p>More than one million Armenians perished as the result of execution, starvation, disease, the harsh environment, and physical abuse. A people who lived in eastern Turkey for nearly 3,000 years [that is, 2,500 years before the Islamic Turks invaded and occupied Anatolia, now known as “Turkey”] lost its homeland and was profoundly decimated in the first large-scale genocide of the twentieth century. At the beginning of 1915 there were some two million Armenians within Turkey; today there are fewer than 60,000.</p>
<p>One-and-a-half million Armenians were eradicated. If early 20<sup>th</sup> century Turkey had had the apparatuses and technology to execute in mass – such as 1940s Germany’s gas chambers – the entire Armenian population could well have been annihilated.</p>
<p>The atrocities suffered by Armenian and other Christian minorities are too long to list. As occurs under the current caliphate – the Islamic State – the Muslims of the Ottoman caliphate abducted, raped, and slaughtered or sold countless Christian women and children on the Muslim slave markets.</p>
<p>Armenian Christians were also sadistically tortured – as Christians are today under the Islamic State.</p>
<p>On <a href="http://www.frontpagemag.com/2015/lloyd-billingsley/the-islamic-state-then-and-now/">FrontPage Magazine</a>, Lloyd Billingsley writes:</p>
<p>Torture squads would apply red-hot irons, tear off flesh with hot pincers, then pour boiled butter into the wounds. The soles of the feet would be beaten, slashed, and laced with salt. Dr. Mehmed Reshid tortured Armenians by nailing horseshoes to their feet and marching them through the streets. He also crucified them on makeshift crosses.</p>
<p>The Muslims hacked Armenians to pieces and dashed infants on the rocks before their mothers. They burned bodies not for sanitary reasons but in search of gold coins they believed the Armenians had swallowed. The Muslims also tore apart the victims’ feces in the search for gold. U.S. consul Leslie Davis, a former attorney and journalist, documented the Islamic zeal.</p>
<p>“We could all hear them piously calling upon Allah to bless them in their efforts to kill the hated Christians,” Davis wrote. “Night after night this same chant went up to heaven and day after day these Turks carried on their bloody work.” Around Lake Goeljik, Davis wrote, “thousands and thousands of Armenians, mostly innocent and helpless women and children, were butchered on its shores and barbarously mutilated.”</p>
<p>In her memoir, Ravished Armenia, <a href="http://www.genocide-museum.am/eng/online_exhibition_6.php">Aurora Mardiganian</a> described being raped and thrown into a harem – <a href="http://www.raymondibrahim.com/islam/muhammad-and-islams-sex-slaves/">akin to the experiences of today’s non-Muslims under Islamic State authority</a>.</p>
<p>Unlike thousands of other Armenian girls who were killed after being defiled, she managed to escape. She recalls seeing <a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=r_O_lkCGHOsC&amp;pg=PA107&amp;lpg=PA107&amp;dq=%E2%80%9CEach+girl+had+been+nailed+alive+upon+her+cross,+spikes+through+her+feet+and+hands,%E2%80%9D&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=610-sOzCgq&amp;sig=3Na9l_6_2Bci2ulLu7HOFVxsYD0&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ei=cAp4UYyRIqXriwK0rYGICw&amp;ved=0CEAQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&amp;q=%E2%80%9CEach%20girl%20had%20been%20nailed%20alive%20upon%20her%20cross%2C%20spikes%20through%20her%20feet%20and%20hands%2C%E2%80%9D&amp;f=false">16 Christian girls crucified</a> in Malatia: “Each girl had been nailed alive upon her cross, spikes through her feet and hands, only their hair blown by the wind, covered their bodies.”</p>
<p>Because there is no dearth of evidence concerning the historical reality of the Armenian Genocide, 44 U.S. States have recognized it. South Dakota, which recently joined the list, <a href="http://armenianweekly.com/2015/02/26/south-dakota/">passed a resolution</a> in February 2015 calling on</p>
<p>Congress and the president of the United States to formally and consistently recognize and reaffirm the historical truth that the atrocities committed against the Armenian, Greek, and other Christians living in their historical homelands in Anatolia constituted genocide and to work towards equitable, stable, and durable Armenian-Turkish relations.</p>
<p>Turkey, of course, continues to deny that its forbears ever committed any genocide. As a group of American academics <a href="http://www.anca.org/assets/pdf/armenian_genocide_reference/professionalethics_lifton.pdf">wrote back in 1995</a>,</p>
<p>Despite the vast amount of evidence that points to the historical reality of the Armenian Genocide – eyewitness accounts, official archives, photographic evidence, the reports of diplomats, and the testimony of survivors – denial of the Armenian Genocide by successive regimes in Turkey has gone on from 1915 to the present.</p>
<p>Nor is the Islamic government of Turkey alone in denying the genocide. President Obama still refuses to acknowledge it – even though when he was running for office in 2008 <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20081117033141/http:/www.barackobama.com/2008/01/19/barack_obama_on_the_importance.php">he professed his</a>:</p>
<p>firmly held conviction that the Armenian Genocide is not an allegation, a personal opinion, or a point of view, but rather a widely documented fact supported by an overwhelming body of historical evidence. The facts are undeniable….  [A]s President I will recognize the Armenian Genocide….  America deserves a leader who speaks truthfully about the Armenian Genocide and responds forcefully to all genocides. I intend to be that president.</p>
<p>Since taking office, Obama has refused to stand by his word. On Tuesday, April 21, the White House announced that it would again, for the seventh year since Obama’s pledge, not use the word “genocide,” thereby disappointing many human rights activists.</p>
<p>Writes the <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/22/world/europe/white-house-acknowledges-armenian-genocide-but-avoids-the-term.html?_r=0">New York Times</a>:</p>
<p>The president’s continued resistance to the word stood in contrast to a stance by Pope Francis, who recently called the massacres “the first genocide of the 20th century” and equated them to mass killings by the Nazis and Soviets. The European Parliament, which first recognized the genocide in 1987, passed a resolution last week calling on Turkey to “come to terms with its past.”</p>
<p>The Armenian National Committee of America responded by saying: “The president’s surrender represents a national disgrace. It is a betrayal of the truth, and it is a betrayal of trust.”  The Armenian Assembly of America said “His failure to use the term genocide represents a major blow for human rights advocates.”</p>
<p>But the president’s actions are consistent in other ways. Put differently, it is no marvel that Obama denies the genocide of Armenian and other Christian minorities at the hands of Muslims from a century ago, when one considers that he denies the rampant Muslim persecution of Christians taking place under – <a href="http://www.raymondibrahim.com/muslim-persecution-of-christians/confirmed-u-s-chief-facilitator-of-christian-persecution/">and often partly because of</a> – his leadership today.</p>
<p>Raymond Ibrahim, a regular contributor to <a href="http://www.thecommentator.com/">The Commentator</a>, is author of <a href="http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1621570258/ref=as_li_qf_sp_asin_il_tl?ie=UTF8&amp;camp=1789&amp;creative=9325&amp;creativeASIN=1621570258&amp;linkCode=as2&amp;tag=uhurnetw-20">Crucified Again: Exposing Islam’s New War on Christians</a></p>
</blockquote>
<p>
“You care about getting people to believe as you do or die for refusing.” <a class="tumblelog" href="https://tmblr.co/mmzaZqAtysnVR1iZrVV8erw">@impulsebyimpulse</a> I’m pretty sure that’s what the Caliphate did to the Armenians and what IS is doing now to their own enemies; are you really convinced this tumblr post is calling for the death of people who deny the Muslim involvement in these genocides and terror attacks? Get a grip, preferably in reality.<br/></p></blockquote>

Sane person: &ldquo;So anyway this horrible genocide was committed by Muslims.&rdquo;
<a class="tumblelog" href="https://tmblr.co/mmzaZqAtysnVR1iZrVV8erw">@impulsebyimpulse</a>: &ldquo;HOW DARE YOU BRING THAT UP! YOU JUST WANT AN EXCUSE FOR HATRED!&rdquo;

Not every genocide was committed by Muslims, but this particular one was. It&rsquo;s a statement of fact and you don&rsquo;t get to get upset about it because it might make Muslims look bad.

<p><a href="https://patron-saint-of-smart-asses.tumblr.com/post/167169381419/empiricalanecdotes-impulsebyimpulse-no-you" class="tumblr_bl...

sa x: :Doctor Sohna le vononr Quis non doberctjche egihey an anges tiabwngt artar Eucß nasmeen langen Sc u hurmit deutar figrasmanthian.und georaucl fvckthisreality: zacharielaughingalonewithsalad: cellarspider: twinkletwinkleyoulittlefuck: purrsianstuck: During the Bubonic Plague, doctors wore these bird-like masks to avoid becoming sick. They would fill the beaks with spices and rose petals, so they wouldn’t have to smell the rotting bodies. A theory during the Bubonic Plague was that the plague was caused by evil spirits. To scare the spirits away, the masks were intentionally designed to be creepy. Mission fucking accomplished Okay so I love this but it doesn’t cover the half of why the design is awesome and actually borders on making sense. It wasn’t just that they didn’t want to smell the infected and dead, they thought it was crucial to protecting themselves. They had no way of knowing about what actually caused the plague, and so one of the other theories was that the smell of the infected all by itself was evil and could transmit the plague. So not only would they fill their masks with aromatic herbs and flowers, they would also burn fires in public areas, so that the smell of the smoke would “clear the air”. This all related to the miasma theory of contagion, which was one of the major theories out there until the 19th century. And it makes sense, in a way. Plague victims smelled awful, and there’s a general correlation between horrible septic smells and getting horribly sick if you’re around what causes them for too long. You can see now that we’ve got two different theories as to what caused the plague that were worked into the design. That’s because the whole thing was an attempt by the doctors to cover as many bases as they could think of, and we’re still not done. The glass eyepieces. They were either darkened or red, not something you generally want to have to contend with when examining patients. But the plague might be spread by eye contact via the evil eye, so best to ward that off too. The illustration shows a doctor holding a stick. This was an examination tool, that helped the doctors keep some distance between themselves and the infected. They already had gloves on, but the extra level of separation was apparently deemed necessary. You could even take a pulse with it. Or keep people the fuck away from you, which was apparently a documented use. Finally, the robe. It’s not just to look fancy, the cloth was waxed, as were all of the rest of their clothes. What’s one of the properties of wax? Water-based fluids aren’t absorbed by it. This was the closest you could get to a sterile, fully protecting garment back then. Because at least one person along the line was smart enough to think “Gee, I’d really rather not have the stuff coming out of those weeping sores anywhere on my person”. So between all of these there’s a real sense that a lot of real thought was put into making sure the doctors were protected, even if they couldn’t exactly be sure from what. They worked with what information they had. And frankly, it’s a great design given what was available! You limit exposure to aspirated liquids, limit exposure to contaminated liquids already present, you limit contact with the infected. You also don’t give fleas any really good place to hop onto. That’s actually useful. Beyond that, there were contracts the doctors would sign before they even got near a patient. They were to be under quarantine themselves, they wouldn’t treat patients without a custodian monitoring them and helping when something had to be physically contacted, and they would not treat non-plague patients for the duration. There was an actual system in place by the time the plague doctors really became a thing to make sure they didn’t infect anyone either. These guys were the product of the scientific process at work, and the scientific process made a bitchin’ proto-hazmat suit. And containment protocols! reblogging for the sweet history lesson Reblogging because of the History lesson and because the masks, the masks are cool
 sa x: :Doctor Sohna
 le vononr
 Quis non doberctjche egihey
 an anges tiabwngt
 artar Eucß
 nasmeen langen Sc
 u
 hurmit deutar figrasmanthian.und georaucl
fvckthisreality:
zacharielaughingalonewithsalad:

cellarspider:

twinkletwinkleyoulittlefuck:

purrsianstuck:

During the Bubonic Plague, doctors wore these bird-like masks to avoid becoming sick. They would fill the beaks with spices and rose petals, so they wouldn’t have to smell the rotting bodies.
A theory during the Bubonic Plague was that the plague was caused by evil spirits. To scare the spirits away, the masks were intentionally designed to be creepy.

Mission fucking accomplished

Okay so I love this but it doesn’t cover the half of why the design is awesome and actually borders on making sense.
It wasn’t just that they didn’t want to smell the infected and dead, they thought it was crucial to protecting themselves. They had no way of knowing about what actually caused the plague, and so one of the other theories was that the smell of the infected all by itself was evil and could transmit the plague. So not only would they fill their masks with aromatic herbs and flowers, they would also burn fires in public areas, so that the smell of the smoke would “clear the air”. This all related to the miasma theory of contagion, which was one of the major theories out there until the 19th century. And it makes sense, in a way. Plague victims smelled awful, and there’s a general correlation between horrible septic smells and getting horribly sick if you’re around what causes them for too long.
You can see now that we’ve got two different theories as to what caused the plague that were worked into the design. That’s because the whole thing was an attempt by the doctors to cover as many bases as they could think of, and we’re still not done.
The glass eyepieces. They were either darkened or red, not something you generally want to have to contend with when examining patients. But the plague might be spread by eye contact via the evil eye, so best to ward that off too.
The illustration shows a doctor holding a stick. This was an examination tool, that helped the doctors keep some distance between themselves and the infected. They already had gloves on, but the extra level of separation was apparently deemed necessary. You could even take a pulse with it. Or keep people the fuck away from you, which was apparently a documented use.
Finally, the robe. It’s not just to look fancy, the cloth was waxed, as were all of the rest of their clothes. What’s one of the properties of wax? Water-based fluids aren’t absorbed by it. This was the closest you could get to a sterile, fully protecting garment back then. Because at least one person along the line was smart enough to think “Gee, I’d really rather not have the stuff coming out of those weeping sores anywhere on my person”.
So between all of these there’s a real sense that a lot of real thought was put into making sure the doctors were protected, even if they couldn’t exactly be sure from what. They worked with what information they had. And frankly, it’s a great design given what was available! You limit exposure to aspirated liquids, limit exposure to contaminated liquids already present, you limit contact with the infected. You also don’t give fleas any really good place to hop onto. That’s actually useful.
Beyond that, there were contracts the doctors would sign before they even got near a patient. They were to be under quarantine themselves, they wouldn’t treat patients without a custodian monitoring them and helping when something had to be physically contacted, and they would not treat non-plague patients for the duration. There was an actual system in place by the time the plague doctors really became a thing to make sure they didn’t infect anyone either.
These guys were the product of the scientific process at work, and the scientific process made a bitchin’ proto-hazmat suit. And containment protocols!

reblogging for the sweet history lesson

Reblogging because of the History lesson and because the masks, the masks are cool

fvckthisreality: zacharielaughingalonewithsalad: cellarspider: twinkletwinkleyoulittlefuck: purrsianstuck: During the Bubonic Plague,...

sa x: TIME.com TIME @TIME Disney's first Latina princess, 'Elena of Avalor,' won't be looking for love Disney's First Latina Princess Won't Be Looking for Love time.com 23/07/16 01:10 Entertainment Weekly EW @EW The #Moana heroine will not have a love interest in the film: share.ew.com/jROIcjx #EWComicCon #SDCC 21/07/16 23:55 kaylapocalypse: seekingwillow: malcolm-twrkd-with-ida-4-justice: drwhothefuckyouthinkyoutalkinto: itsmikuisa: esinahs: bougiebussy: heyblackrose: I love this Eh, while it’s great that these characters are independent, something about all these princesses of color not finding love at the end of their movies rubs me the wrong way. Just like how Disney patted itself on the back for a black princess but she was Frogger damn near the whole movie. And it would’ve been a great opportunity to cast moc in romantic roles from that culture :/ ^^^ I’m so conflicted because yes, always having a love interest is annoying but poc never get to have a love interest Having the princesses of color not find love reinforces the idea that we have to strong and independent and aren’t needing of any support But I do like it because it deviates from the norm It might be cool if they had dudes in the movie who were interested and they had the princesses be like, “naw, I got shit to do, but maybe later!” Cause then it would obviously be a choice, instead of a worldstate that WoC don’t get hetero love (I’m not even gonna wish for queer love). This is actually a good example of the need for intersectional feminism. it is very common that white girl characters have love interests and finding love be the plot line and basis for all their stories and interactions.It is uncommon for a girl character of color to be seen as a potential love interest, in need of defense by a male character and/or support from a male character full stop.This is because of the history of social devaluation of woc and infantilization of white women.Thusly: it is subversive for white female characters to not have love interests for once and to focus on strength outside of male attention.while at the same time is it subversive for woc to be love interests and treated with care and reverence and with support in relationships on screen. The “norms” for two groups of women are different based on the historical interaction both groups have had to suffer under patriarchal and sexist/racist media. This is why its okay to feel hurt and roll your eyes when you see people screaming about how michonne from the walking dead “dont need no man” because she’s too “strong” to want to be desired and cared for,  while at the same time feel hurt and roll your eyes when Black Widow is suddenly too helpless to get herself free from a basic ass cage and needs to be rescued by her randomly inserted love interest. @drwhothefuckyouthinkyoutalkinto @itsmikuisa @bougiebussy (the others dont have tagging on i dont think)
 sa x: TIME.com
 TIME
 @TIME
 Disney's first Latina princess, 'Elena
 of Avalor,' won't be looking for love
 Disney's First Latina Princess Won't Be
 Looking for Love
 time.com
 23/07/16 01:10

 Entertainment Weekly
 EW
 @EW
 The #Moana heroine will not have
 a love interest in the film:
 share.ew.com/jROIcjx
 #EWComicCon #SDCC
 21/07/16 23:55
kaylapocalypse:

seekingwillow:

malcolm-twrkd-with-ida-4-justice:

drwhothefuckyouthinkyoutalkinto:

itsmikuisa:

esinahs:

bougiebussy:

heyblackrose:

I love this

Eh, while it’s great that these characters are independent, something about all these princesses of color not finding love at the end of their movies rubs me the wrong way.  Just like how Disney patted itself on the back for a black princess but she was Frogger damn near the whole movie.

And it would’ve been a great opportunity to cast moc in romantic roles from that culture :/

^^^ I’m so conflicted because yes, always having a love interest is annoying but poc never get to have a love interest

Having the princesses of color not find love reinforces the idea that we have to strong and independent and aren’t needing of any support

But I do like it because it deviates from the norm

It might be cool if they had dudes in the movie who were interested and they had the princesses be like, “naw, I got shit to do, but maybe later!”

Cause then it would obviously be a choice, instead of a worldstate that WoC don’t get hetero love (I’m not even gonna wish for queer love).


This is actually a good example of the need for intersectional feminism. it is very common that white girl characters have love interests and finding love be the plot line and basis for all their stories and interactions.It is uncommon for a girl character of color to be seen as a potential love interest, in need of defense by a male character and/or support from a male character full stop.This is because of the history of social devaluation of woc and infantilization of white women.Thusly: it is subversive for white female characters to not have love interests for once and to focus on strength outside of male attention.while at the same time is it subversive for woc to be love interests and treated with care and reverence and with support in relationships on screen. The “norms” for two groups of women are different based on the historical interaction both groups have had to suffer under patriarchal and sexist/racist media. This is why its okay to feel hurt and roll your eyes when you see people screaming about how michonne from the walking dead “dont need no man” because she’s too “strong” to want to be desired and cared for,  while at the same time feel hurt and roll your eyes when Black Widow is suddenly too helpless to get herself free from a basic ass cage and needs to be rescued by her randomly inserted love interest. @drwhothefuckyouthinkyoutalkinto @itsmikuisa @bougiebussy (the others dont have tagging on i dont think)

kaylapocalypse: seekingwillow: malcolm-twrkd-with-ida-4-justice: drwhothefuckyouthinkyoutalkinto: itsmikuisa: esinahs: bougiebussy:...

sa x: o the Ningal ssful trading rsian Gulf Complaint about delivery of the wrong grade of copper About 1750 BC (Old Babylonian period) from Ur ME 131236 ian period) sumerianlanguage: prokopetz: thesparkofrevolution: blacktyranitar: thesparkofrevolution: jakovu: dama3: tastefullyoffensive: Babylonian era problems. (photo via tbc34) old school hate mail Imagine how pissed you have to be to engrave a rock Ok but there was this guy called Ea-nasir who was a total crook and would actually cheat people ought of good copper and sell them shit instead. The amount of correspondences complaining to and about this guy are HILARIOUS. Are you telling me we know about a specific guy who lived 5000 years ago, by name, because he was a huge asshole More like 4000 years ago but yes. Ea-nasir and his dodgy business deals. And we haven’t even touched on the true hilarity of the situation yet. Consider two additional facts: He wasn’t just into copper trading. There are letters complaining about Ea-nasir’s business practices with respect to everything from kitchenwares to real estate speculation to second-hand clothing. The guy was everywhere. The majority of the surviving correspondences regarding Ea-nasir were recovered from one particular room in a building that is believed to have been Ea-nasir’s own house. Like, these are clay tablets. They’re bulky, fragile, and difficult to store. They typically weren’t kept long-term unless they contained financial records or other vital information (which is why we have huge reams of financial data about ancient Babylon in spite of how little we know about the actual culture: most of the surviving tablets are commercial inventories, bills of sale, etc.). But this guy, this Ea-nasir, he kept all of his angry letters - hundreds of them - and meticulously filed and preserved them in a dedicated room in his house. What kind of guy does that? [ source ] every time this post comes across my dash (which is often) it has even more cool info attached to it
 sa x: o the Ningal
 ssful trading
 rsian Gulf
 Complaint about delivery
 of the wrong grade of copper
 About 1750 BC (Old Babylonian
 period) from Ur
 ME 131236
 ian period)
sumerianlanguage:

prokopetz:

thesparkofrevolution:

blacktyranitar:

thesparkofrevolution:

jakovu:

dama3:

tastefullyoffensive:

Babylonian era problems. (photo via tbc34)

old school hate mail

Imagine how pissed you have to be to engrave a rock

Ok but there was this guy called Ea-nasir who was a total crook and would actually cheat people ought of good copper and sell them shit instead. The amount of correspondences complaining to and about this guy are HILARIOUS.

Are you telling me we know about a specific guy who lived 5000 years ago, by name, because he was a huge asshole

More like 4000 years ago but yes. Ea-nasir and his dodgy business deals.

And we haven’t even touched on the true hilarity of the situation yet. Consider two additional facts:
He wasn’t just into copper trading. There are letters complaining about Ea-nasir’s business practices with respect to everything from kitchenwares to real estate speculation to second-hand clothing. The guy was everywhere.
The majority of the surviving correspondences regarding Ea-nasir were recovered from one particular room in a building that is believed to have been Ea-nasir’s own house.
Like, these are clay tablets. They’re bulky, fragile, and difficult to store. They typically weren’t kept long-term unless they contained financial records or other vital information (which is why we have huge reams of financial data about ancient Babylon in spite of how little we know about the actual culture: most of the surviving tablets are commercial inventories, bills of sale, etc.).
But this guy, this Ea-nasir, he kept all of his angry letters - hundreds of them - and meticulously filed and preserved them in a dedicated room in his house. What kind of guy does that?
[ source ]

every time this post comes across my dash (which is often) it has even more cool info attached to it

sumerianlanguage: prokopetz: thesparkofrevolution: blacktyranitar: thesparkofrevolution: jakovu: dama3: tastefullyoffensive: Baby...

sa x: Jessica Valenti 4 hours ago. I look forward to all these #womenagainstfeminism giving back their votes, credit cards, family leave, political representation, anti-rape laws and birth control. There's a basket at the door, feel free to leave them there! <p><a href="http://theclockworkcrow.tumblr.com/post/120776297598/jesus-and-jaffacakes-hexiac" class="tumblr_blog">theclockworkcrow</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://jesus-and-jaffacakes.tumblr.com/post/120775900009/hexiac-antifeministphoenix" class="tumblr_blog">jesus-and-jaffacakes</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://hexiac.tumblr.com/post/120726407271/antifeministphoenix-ima-fuckingt4ble-why" class="tumblr_blog">hexiac</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://antifeministphoenix.tumblr.com/post/120722773028/ima-fuckingt4ble-why-do-you-dislike-feminism" class="tumblr_blog">antifeministphoenix</a>:</p> <blockquote><p><a href="http://ima-fuckingt4ble.tumblr.com/post/120697106636/why-do-you-dislike-feminism-so-much-because" class="tumblr_blog">ima-fuckingt4ble</a>:</p> <blockquote><p>“ Why do you dislike feminism so much? ” Because they’re closet misogynists that want to strip me of my rights (some of which aren’t even down to feminism) just because I don’t adopt their label.</p></blockquote> <p>In order <br/></p><p>“votes”</p><p>had before feminism<br/></p><figure data-orig-width="500" data-orig-height="320" class="tmblr-full"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/6ab24a61fb7dc6e02dae465cd48fee9a/tumblr_inline_npfv7gPuwE1rqujng_540.jpg" alt="image" data-orig-width="500" data-orig-height="320"/></figure><p>“Credit cards”</p><p>Came about at the same time as feminism not because feminism<br/></p><p><a href="http://www.nydailynews.com/news/world/saudi-religious-police-beat-man-women-atm-article-1.1924954">Even in a patriarchy</a> women have them</p><p>“family leave”<br/></p><p>implying men have that and women don’t and that in America anyone has that</p><p>“political representation”</p><p>Women have had the vote before feminism ^ plus Women have been in office before feminism<br/></p><blockquote><p><b>Jeannette Rankin</b>. Jeannette Pickering <b>Rankin</b> (June 11, 1880 – May 18, 1973) was the first woman elected to the United States Congress, in 1916 and again in 1940, from the state of Montana. After winning her House seat in 1916 she said, “I may be the first woman member of Congress but I won’t be the last.”</p></blockquote><p>“anti rape laws“</p><p><a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=zmltglQvAxwC&amp;pg=PA190&amp;lpg=PA190&amp;dq=punishment+for+rape+before+1800&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=7csNS98ETp&amp;sig=HecUvbHkID0BOKgQRxk2MyMmTxI&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ei=zMJwVfufMIzJtQWi9YHgDg&amp;ved=0CCYQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&amp;q=punishment%20for%20rape%20before%201800&amp;f=false">yeah not feminism either <br/></a></p><p>“birth control” <br/></p><p>science not feminism<br/></p></blockquote> <p><a href="https://archive.is/3twNd">It’s real</a></p><p>This ‘<i>you should be grateful’</i> thing has got to end. Is it supposed to be some kind of clever statement?’ Because it just makes me glad to not be associated with Jessica Valenti.</p></blockquote> <p><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alice_Mary_Robertson">Also worth noting, the second woman in the American congress, was Anti-Feminist!</a></p><figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="860" data-orig-width="640"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/e4f4b0af4398b7febd75a48afe052eb5/tumblr_inline_nph5nzzzWa1sbi4w8_540.png" data-orig-height="860" data-orig-width="640"/></figure><p><a href="http://unknownmisandry.blogspot.de/2012/06/disarmament-for-women-demanded.html">That’s right,  Alice Mary Robertson is gonna kick  your ass if you keep this up</a>.</p><p><a href="http://www.avoiceformen.com/misandry/chivalry-justice-in-1921-anti-misandry-female-judges/">Same with one of the first lady judges.</a></p><figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="538" data-orig-width="563"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/9e9503de3782ce0df048c3101e403b41/tumblr_inline_nph5rrQQcb1sbi4w8_540.png" data-orig-height="538" data-orig-width="563"/></figure><p><a href="http://unknownmisandry.blogspot.de/2011/07/chivalry-justice-in-1921-anti-misandry.html">You and you unfair sentencing</a>. <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=usq-IHT5ARc">That still happens by the way.</a></p><p>Also, if you have to be identified with a movement to have the benefits then everyone who is not a Jesuit can give up their knowledge of China, seismology and astrology (including the geocentric solar system); human rights and international law has to be a freaking Jesuit! Because that is what the Jesuit order has brought to the world! Yet no one has tried to oblige me to become one! And that goes for you too Mark Ruffalo.</p></blockquote> <p>I fucking love Alice Mary Robertson.</p></blockquote>
 sa x: Jessica Valenti
 4 hours ago.
 I look forward to all these
 #womenagainstfeminism giving back their
 votes, credit cards, family leave, political
 representation, anti-rape laws and birth
 control. There's a basket at the door, feel
 free to leave them there!
<p><a href="http://theclockworkcrow.tumblr.com/post/120776297598/jesus-and-jaffacakes-hexiac" class="tumblr_blog">theclockworkcrow</a>:</p>

<blockquote><p><a href="http://jesus-and-jaffacakes.tumblr.com/post/120775900009/hexiac-antifeministphoenix" class="tumblr_blog">jesus-and-jaffacakes</a>:</p>

<blockquote><p><a href="http://hexiac.tumblr.com/post/120726407271/antifeministphoenix-ima-fuckingt4ble-why" class="tumblr_blog">hexiac</a>:</p>

<blockquote><p><a href="http://antifeministphoenix.tumblr.com/post/120722773028/ima-fuckingt4ble-why-do-you-dislike-feminism" class="tumblr_blog">antifeministphoenix</a>:</p>

<blockquote><p><a href="http://ima-fuckingt4ble.tumblr.com/post/120697106636/why-do-you-dislike-feminism-so-much-because" class="tumblr_blog">ima-fuckingt4ble</a>:</p>

<blockquote><p>“ Why do you dislike feminism so much? ”

 Because they’re closet misogynists that want to strip me of my rights (some of which aren’t even down to feminism) just because I don’t adopt their label.</p></blockquote>

<p>In order <br/></p><p>“votes”</p><p>had before feminism<br/></p><figure data-orig-width="500" data-orig-height="320" class="tmblr-full"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/6ab24a61fb7dc6e02dae465cd48fee9a/tumblr_inline_npfv7gPuwE1rqujng_540.jpg" alt="image" data-orig-width="500" data-orig-height="320"/></figure><p>“Credit cards”</p><p>Came about at the same time as feminism not because feminism<br/></p><p><a href="http://www.nydailynews.com/news/world/saudi-religious-police-beat-man-women-atm-article-1.1924954">Even in a patriarchy</a> women have them</p><p>“family leave”<br/></p><p>implying men have that and women don’t and that in America anyone has that</p><p>“political representation”</p><p>Women have had the vote before feminism ^ plus Women have been in office before feminism<br/></p><blockquote><p><b>Jeannette Rankin</b>. Jeannette Pickering <b>Rankin</b>
 (June 11, 1880 – May 18, 1973) was the first woman elected to the 
United States Congress, in 1916 and again in 1940, from the state of 
Montana. After winning her House seat in 1916 she said, “I may be the 
first woman member of Congress but I won’t be the last.”</p></blockquote><p>“anti rape laws“</p><p><a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=zmltglQvAxwC&amp;pg=PA190&amp;lpg=PA190&amp;dq=punishment+for+rape+before+1800&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=7csNS98ETp&amp;sig=HecUvbHkID0BOKgQRxk2MyMmTxI&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ei=zMJwVfufMIzJtQWi9YHgDg&amp;ved=0CCYQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&amp;q=punishment%20for%20rape%20before%201800&amp;f=false">yeah not feminism either <br/></a></p><p>“birth control” <br/></p><p>science not feminism<br/></p></blockquote>

<p><a href="https://archive.is/3twNd">It’s real</a></p><p>This ‘<i>you should be grateful’</i> thing has got to end. Is it supposed to be some kind of clever statement?’ Because it just makes me glad to not be associated with Jessica Valenti.</p></blockquote>

<p><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alice_Mary_Robertson">Also worth noting, the second woman in the American congress, was Anti-Feminist!</a></p><figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="860" data-orig-width="640"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/e4f4b0af4398b7febd75a48afe052eb5/tumblr_inline_nph5nzzzWa1sbi4w8_540.png" data-orig-height="860" data-orig-width="640"/></figure><p><a href="http://unknownmisandry.blogspot.de/2012/06/disarmament-for-women-demanded.html">That’s right, 

Alice Mary Robertson is gonna kick  your ass if you keep this up</a>.</p><p><a href="http://www.avoiceformen.com/misandry/chivalry-justice-in-1921-anti-misandry-female-judges/">Same with one of the first lady judges.</a></p><figure class="tmblr-full" data-orig-height="538" data-orig-width="563"><img src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/9e9503de3782ce0df048c3101e403b41/tumblr_inline_nph5rrQQcb1sbi4w8_540.png" data-orig-height="538" data-orig-width="563"/></figure><p><a href="http://unknownmisandry.blogspot.de/2011/07/chivalry-justice-in-1921-anti-misandry.html">You and you unfair sentencing</a>. <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=usq-IHT5ARc">That still happens by the way.</a></p><p>Also, if you have to be identified with a movement to have the benefits then everyone who is not a Jesuit can give up their knowledge of China, seismology and astrology (including the geocentric solar system); human rights and international law has to be a freaking Jesuit! Because that is what the Jesuit order has brought to the world! Yet no one has tried to oblige me to become one! And that goes for you too Mark Ruffalo.</p></blockquote>

<p>I fucking love Alice Mary Robertson.</p></blockquote>

<p><a href="http://theclockworkcrow.tumblr.com/post/120776297598/jesus-and-jaffacakes-hexiac" class="tumblr_blog">theclockworkcrow</a>:</...

sa x: In ancient Egypt, any books found in ships coming into port, would be brought immediately to the library of Alexandria and be copied. The original would be kept in the library and the copy given back to the owner. Ultrafacts.tumblr.com <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://agentsama.tumblr.com/post/107299905099/slvrnightx-ultrafacts-aussietory">agentsama</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://slvrnightx.tumblr.com/post/97271985185/ultrafacts-aussietory">slvrnightx</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafactsblog.com/post/97269070131/aussietory-third-way-is-best-way">ultrafacts</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://aussietory.tumblr.com/post/97037485207/third-way-is-best-way-tuxedoandex">aussietory</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://third-way-is-best-way.tumblr.com/post/97026410042/tuxedoandex-kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts">third-way-is-best-way</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://tuxedoandex.tumblr.com/post/97009990157/kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts-source-for-more">tuxedoandex</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://kvotheunkvothe.tumblr.com/post/91996111874/ultrafacts-source-for-more-facts-follow">kvotheunkvothe</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafactsblog.com/post/91744814059/source-for-more-facts-follow-ultrafacts">ultrafacts</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Library_of_Alexandria#Destruction_of_the_Library">Source</a> <strong>For more facts <a href="http://ultrafacts.tumblr.com/">follow Ultrafacts</a></strong></p> </blockquote> <p>EVERY TIME SOMEONE BRINGS UP THE LIBRARY OF ALEXANDRIA I GET <strong>SO ANGRY</strong>.</p> </blockquote> <p>but why</p> </blockquote> <p>Because it got burned. All of that knowledge, lost forever.</p> </blockquote> <p><img alt="" src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_lkdeee4gtd1qd4jgjo1_500.jpg"/></p> </blockquote> <p>The library was destroyed over 1000’s of years ago. The library consisted of thousands of scrolls and books about mathematics, engineering, physiology, geography, blueprints, medicine, plays, &amp; important scriptures. Thinkers from all over the Mediterranean used to come to Alexandria to study.Most of the major work of civilization up until that point was lost. If the library still survived till this day, society may have been more advanced and we would sure know more about the ancient world.</p> </blockquote> <p>I get so sad whenever I think about this.</p> </blockquote> <p>Good God Almighty, not this “Christians ruined knowledge 4ever” bullhockey again. I am <em><strong>so</strong> </em>tired of this overused narrative.</p> <p>Firstly, the destruction of the Library has not been attributed to a specific event. The Library had been in decline years before Jesus was even born. Multiple Roman scholars, including <a href="http://www.gutenberg.org/files/14140/14140-h/14140-h.htm#LIFE_OF_C_CAESAR">Plutarch</a> (XLIX.435), <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Roman_History/Book_XXII#XVI">Ammianus Marcellinus</a>, <a href="http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:2007.01.0072:id=v2.p.139">Aulus Gellius</a>, and <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Of_Peace_of_Mind#IX.">Seneca</a>, record the destruction of books in Alexandria, all placing the events before Christians even existed (Plutarch and Ammian specifically attribute the burning of the Library to Julius Caesar burning his ships in his siege of Alexandria, while Aulus Gellius adds an earlier removal of books by the Persians). Ammian especially hints to the faded glory of Alexandria’s libraries, especially the Serapeum (which also functioned as a temple to the Graeco-Egyptian god Serapis). Further historians attribute the destruction of the library to the ruin of <a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=WR9bsvhc4XMC&amp;pg=PA20&amp;lpg=PA20&amp;dq=Brucheion+aurelian&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=idw91tlzf4&amp;sig=bVBajSGaeEQJzGAo8mJZt7uI5c4&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ei=IoGrVM-LNISlNuzGgLgK&amp;ved=0CCwQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&amp;q=Brucheion%20aurelian&amp;f=false">Brucheion</a> (the location of the Library) Aurelian’s war against the Palmyrene Empire during the Crisis of the Third Century.</p> <p>Two more events are often mentioned as the destruction of the Library. The first is the <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Nicene_and_Post-Nicene_Fathers:_Series_II/Volume_II/Socrates/Book_V/Chapter_16">complete destruction of the Serapeum</a> by Coptic Pope Theophilus in 391 AD, as part of his decree to destroy all the pagan temples of the city. The ecclesiastical historian Socrates of Constantinople gives no mention of the books, while lesser-known Christian historian Paulus Orosius (VI.263) <a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=O3tJ9mFnwpQC&amp;pg=PA228&amp;source=gbs_toc_r&amp;cad=3#v=snippet&amp;q=book%20chests&amp;f=false">notes</a> that the books burned (of which he laments) were not the same as the original collection of the Library. The other event is the Caliphate’s invasion of Egypt in 642 AD. The destruction of the Library is dubiously recorded by <a href="http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2010/09/10/abd-al-latifs-account-of-egypt-and-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria/">Abd al-Latif al Baghdadi</a> and <a href="http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2010/09/24/al-qifti-on-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria/">Ibn al-Qifti</a>, who both claim that ‘Amr ibn al-‘As destroyed the Library by the orders of Caliph Umar. So many burnings, but not one has been definitively set as <em>the </em>destruction of the Library.</p> <p>But enough about the Library. The problem is this false idea of Christianity (especially Catholicism, since we all know that’s the Church attacked for the so-called “Dark Ages”) being absolutely opposed to scholarly and scientific knowledge. One need only read <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/summa/3002.htm#article4">Aquinas</a> and <a href="http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/encyclicals/documents/hf_jp-ii_enc_15101998_fides-et-ratio_en.html">John Paul II</a> to see that the tradition of the Church has been <em>fides et ratio</em>, faith and reason, that science and religion are not enemies and should not be viewed as such. Much knowledge was lost in the drawn-out destruction of the Library of Alexandria, but Christianity also preserved much knowledge. <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_Library_of_Constantinople">The Imperial Library of Constantinople</a> housed a large collection of Roman and Greek works, begun at the behest of Christian Emperor Constantius II in the 4th Century. Socrates and Plato were vastly influential on the thought of Augustine and Boethius. Many of the Church Fathers, even after Saint Augustine, as well as various authors and poets throughout the Middle Ages, knew well the works of Vergil, Cicero, Sallust, Horace, and Seneca the Younger. Saint Isidore of Seville, bishop and Doctor of the Church, sought to compile and preserve a summary of a large majority of the knowledge of Western antiquity, known as the <em><a href="http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=3ep502syZv8C">Etymologiae</a></em>. The medievals still studied the writings of <a href="http://historyofinformation.com/expanded.php?id=2749">Euclid</a>, <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerard_of_Cremona#Gerard.27s_translations">Archimedes</a>, and <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eugenius_of_Palermo&amp;redirect=no">Ptolemy</a>. Modern civil law has its roots in the <em>Corpus Juris Civilis </em>(“The Body of Civil Law”), the collection of Roman jurisprudence compiled by the Byzantine Christian Emperor Justinian. Still more Christian writers such as <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08459b.htm">Saint John Damascene</a> and <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01276a.htm">Alcuin of York</a> preserved classical learning and expanded the fields of philosophy and theology.</p> <p>The chart especially ignores the contributions to learning made by Western European Christians (i.e. Catholics) throughout the Middle Ages, including the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carolingian_Renaissance">Carolingian Renaissance</a> and especially the advances of the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Middle_Ages">High Middle Ages</a>. These include the renaissance of architecture (namely the “Gothic” style of the 12th Century), the reinterpretation of Aristotelian learning (especially in terms of renewed interest in dialectics and syllogistic logic) by the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13548a.htm">Scholastics</a>, and the foundations of the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15188a.htm">modern university system</a> (the development of which was <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madrasa#Madrasa_and_university">independent of the Islamic <em>madrasa</em></a>), with the oldest in continual use being the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02641b.htm">University of Bologna</a> (since the 11th Century).</p> <p>The chart, and by extension the general sentiment, is also <em>incredibly </em>Eurocentric (in a demeaning way) and <em>vastly</em> oblivious to the advances of other peoples throughout the world, including the Islamic Caliphate, the Tang, Song, and Yuan dynasties in China, and Late Classical India. Many of those civilizations did not suffer such a loss of learning as perceived in Western Europe. The entire idea is distasteful and ignorant.</p> </blockquote> <p>FYI.</p>
 sa x: In ancient Egypt, any books found
 in ships coming into port, would be
 brought immediately to the library of
 Alexandria and be copied. The
 original would be kept in the library
 and the copy given back to the
 owner.
 Ultrafacts.tumblr.com
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://agentsama.tumblr.com/post/107299905099/slvrnightx-ultrafacts-aussietory">agentsama</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://slvrnightx.tumblr.com/post/97271985185/ultrafacts-aussietory">slvrnightx</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafactsblog.com/post/97269070131/aussietory-third-way-is-best-way">ultrafacts</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://aussietory.tumblr.com/post/97037485207/third-way-is-best-way-tuxedoandex">aussietory</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://third-way-is-best-way.tumblr.com/post/97026410042/tuxedoandex-kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts">third-way-is-best-way</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://tuxedoandex.tumblr.com/post/97009990157/kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts-source-for-more">tuxedoandex</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://kvotheunkvothe.tumblr.com/post/91996111874/ultrafacts-source-for-more-facts-follow">kvotheunkvothe</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafactsblog.com/post/91744814059/source-for-more-facts-follow-ultrafacts">ultrafacts</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Library_of_Alexandria#Destruction_of_the_Library">Source</a> <strong>For more facts <a href="http://ultrafacts.tumblr.com/">follow Ultrafacts</a></strong></p>
</blockquote>
<p>EVERY TIME SOMEONE BRINGS UP THE LIBRARY OF ALEXANDRIA I GET <strong>SO ANGRY</strong>.</p>
</blockquote>
<p>but why</p>
</blockquote>
<p>Because it got burned. All of that knowledge, lost forever.</p>
</blockquote>
<p><img alt="" src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_lkdeee4gtd1qd4jgjo1_500.jpg"/></p>
</blockquote>
<p>The library was destroyed over 1000’s of years ago. The library consisted of thousands of scrolls and books about mathematics, engineering, physiology, geography, blueprints, medicine, plays, &amp; important scriptures. Thinkers from all over the Mediterranean used to come to Alexandria to study.Most of the major work of civilization up until that point was lost. If the library still survived till this day, society may have been more advanced and we would sure know more about the ancient world.</p>
</blockquote>
<p>I get so sad whenever I think about this.</p>
</blockquote>
<p>Good God Almighty, not this “Christians ruined knowledge 4ever” bullhockey again. I am <em><strong>so</strong> </em>tired of this overused narrative.</p>
<p>Firstly, the destruction of the Library has not been attributed to a specific event. The Library had been in decline years before Jesus was even born. Multiple Roman scholars, including <a href="http://www.gutenberg.org/files/14140/14140-h/14140-h.htm#LIFE_OF_C_CAESAR">Plutarch</a> (XLIX.435), <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Roman_History/Book_XXII#XVI">Ammianus Marcellinus</a>, <a href="http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:2007.01.0072:id=v2.p.139">Aulus Gellius</a>, and <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Of_Peace_of_Mind#IX.">Seneca</a>, record the destruction of books in Alexandria, all placing the events before Christians even existed (Plutarch and Ammian specifically attribute the burning of the Library to Julius Caesar burning his ships in his siege of Alexandria, while Aulus Gellius adds an earlier removal of books by the Persians). Ammian especially hints to the faded glory of Alexandria’s libraries, especially the Serapeum (which also functioned as a temple to the Graeco-Egyptian god Serapis). Further historians attribute the destruction of the library to the ruin of <a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=WR9bsvhc4XMC&amp;pg=PA20&amp;lpg=PA20&amp;dq=Brucheion+aurelian&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=idw91tlzf4&amp;sig=bVBajSGaeEQJzGAo8mJZt7uI5c4&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ei=IoGrVM-LNISlNuzGgLgK&amp;ved=0CCwQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&amp;q=Brucheion%20aurelian&amp;f=false">Brucheion</a> (the location of the Library) Aurelian’s war against the Palmyrene Empire during the Crisis of the Third Century.</p>
<p>Two more events are often mentioned as the destruction of the Library. The first is the <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Nicene_and_Post-Nicene_Fathers:_Series_II/Volume_II/Socrates/Book_V/Chapter_16">complete destruction of the Serapeum</a> by Coptic Pope Theophilus in 391 AD, as part of his decree to destroy all the pagan temples of the city. The ecclesiastical historian Socrates of Constantinople gives no mention of the books, while lesser-known Christian historian Paulus Orosius (VI.263) <a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=O3tJ9mFnwpQC&amp;pg=PA228&amp;source=gbs_toc_r&amp;cad=3#v=snippet&amp;q=book%20chests&amp;f=false">notes</a> that the books burned (of which he laments) were not the same as the original collection of the Library. The other event is the Caliphate’s invasion of Egypt in 642 AD. The destruction of the Library is dubiously recorded by <a href="http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2010/09/10/abd-al-latifs-account-of-egypt-and-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria/">Abd al-Latif al Baghdadi</a> and <a href="http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2010/09/24/al-qifti-on-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria/">Ibn al-Qifti</a>, who both claim that ‘Amr ibn al-‘As destroyed the Library by the orders of Caliph Umar. So many burnings, but not one has been definitively set as <em>the </em>destruction of the Library.</p>
<p>But enough about the Library. The problem is this false idea of Christianity (especially Catholicism, since we all know that’s the Church attacked for the so-called “Dark Ages”) being absolutely opposed to scholarly and scientific knowledge. One need only read <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/summa/3002.htm#article4">Aquinas</a> and <a href="http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/encyclicals/documents/hf_jp-ii_enc_15101998_fides-et-ratio_en.html">John Paul II</a> to see that the tradition of the Church has been <em>fides et ratio</em>, faith and reason, that science and religion are not enemies and should not be viewed as such. Much knowledge was lost in the drawn-out destruction of the Library of Alexandria, but Christianity also preserved much knowledge. <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_Library_of_Constantinople">The Imperial Library of Constantinople</a> housed a large collection of Roman and Greek works, begun at the behest of Christian Emperor Constantius II in the 4th Century. Socrates and Plato were vastly influential on the thought of Augustine and Boethius. Many of the Church Fathers, even after Saint Augustine, as well as various authors and poets throughout the Middle Ages, knew well the works of Vergil, Cicero, Sallust, Horace, and Seneca the Younger. Saint Isidore of Seville, bishop and Doctor of the Church, sought to compile and preserve a summary of a large majority of the knowledge of Western antiquity, known as the <em><a href="http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=3ep502syZv8C">Etymologiae</a></em>. The medievals still studied the writings of <a href="http://historyofinformation.com/expanded.php?id=2749">Euclid</a>, <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerard_of_Cremona#Gerard.27s_translations">Archimedes</a>, and <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eugenius_of_Palermo&amp;redirect=no">Ptolemy</a>. Modern civil law has its roots in the <em>Corpus Juris Civilis </em>(“The Body of Civil Law”), the collection of Roman jurisprudence compiled by the Byzantine Christian Emperor Justinian. Still more Christian writers such as <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08459b.htm">Saint John Damascene</a> and <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01276a.htm">Alcuin of York</a> preserved classical learning and expanded the fields of philosophy and theology.</p>
<p>The chart especially ignores the contributions to learning made by Western European Christians (i.e. Catholics) throughout the Middle Ages, including the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carolingian_Renaissance">Carolingian Renaissance</a> and especially the advances of the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Middle_Ages">High Middle Ages</a>. These include the renaissance of architecture (namely the “Gothic” style of the 12th Century), the reinterpretation of Aristotelian learning (especially in terms of renewed interest in dialectics and syllogistic logic) by the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13548a.htm">Scholastics</a>, and the foundations of the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15188a.htm">modern university system</a> (the development of which was <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madrasa#Madrasa_and_university">independent of the Islamic <em>madrasa</em></a>), with the oldest in continual use being the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02641b.htm">University of Bologna</a> (since the 11th Century).</p>
<p>The chart, and by extension the general sentiment, is also <em>incredibly </em>Eurocentric (in a demeaning way) and <em>vastly</em> oblivious to the advances of other peoples throughout the world, including the Islamic Caliphate, the Tang, Song, and Yuan dynasties in China, and Late Classical India. Many of those civilizations did not suffer such a loss of learning as perceived in Western Europe. The entire idea is distasteful and ignorant.</p>
</blockquote>
<p>FYI.</p>

<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://agentsama.tumblr.com/post/107299905099/slvrnightx-ultrafacts-aussietory">agentsama</a>:</p> <block...

sa x: In ancient Egypt, any books found in ships coming into port, would be brought immediately to the library of Alexandria and be copied. The original would be kept in the library and the copy given back to the owner. Ultrafacts.tumblr.com <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://agentsama.tumblr.com/post/107299905099/slvrnightx-ultrafacts-aussietory">agentsama</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://slvrnightx.tumblr.com/post/97271985185/ultrafacts-aussietory">slvrnightx</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafactsblog.com/post/97269070131/aussietory-third-way-is-best-way">ultrafacts</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://aussietory.tumblr.com/post/97037485207/third-way-is-best-way-tuxedoandex">aussietory</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://third-way-is-best-way.tumblr.com/post/97026410042/tuxedoandex-kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts">third-way-is-best-way</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://tuxedoandex.tumblr.com/post/97009990157/kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts-source-for-more">tuxedoandex</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://kvotheunkvothe.tumblr.com/post/91996111874/ultrafacts-source-for-more-facts-follow">kvotheunkvothe</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafactsblog.com/post/91744814059/source-for-more-facts-follow-ultrafacts">ultrafacts</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Library_of_Alexandria#Destruction_of_the_Library">Source</a> <strong>For more facts <a href="http://ultrafacts.tumblr.com/">follow Ultrafacts</a></strong></p> </blockquote> <p>EVERY TIME SOMEONE BRINGS UP THE LIBRARY OF ALEXANDRIA I GET <strong>SO ANGRY</strong>.</p> </blockquote> <p>but why</p> </blockquote> <p>Because it got burned. All of that knowledge, lost forever.</p> </blockquote> <p><img alt="" src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_lkdeee4gtd1qd4jgjo1_500.jpg"/></p> </blockquote> <p>The library was destroyed over 1000’s of years ago. The library consisted of thousands of scrolls and books about mathematics, engineering, physiology, geography, blueprints, medicine, plays, &amp; important scriptures. Thinkers from all over the Mediterranean used to come to Alexandria to study.Most of the major work of civilization up until that point was lost. If the library still survived till this day, society may have been more advanced and we would sure know more about the ancient world.</p> </blockquote> <p>I get so sad whenever I think about this.</p> </blockquote> <p>Good God Almighty, not this “Christians ruined knowledge 4ever” bullhockey again. I am <em><strong>so</strong> </em>tired of this overused narrative.</p> <p>Firstly, the destruction of the Library has not been attributed to a specific event. The Library had been in decline years before Jesus was even born. Multiple Roman scholars, including <a href="http://www.gutenberg.org/files/14140/14140-h/14140-h.htm#LIFE_OF_C_CAESAR">Plutarch</a> (XLIX.435), <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Roman_History/Book_XXII#XVI">Ammianus Marcellinus</a>, <a href="http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:2007.01.0072:id=v2.p.139">Aulus Gellius</a>, and <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Of_Peace_of_Mind#IX.">Seneca</a>, record the destruction of books in Alexandria, all placing the events before Christians even existed (Plutarch and Ammian specifically attribute the burning of the Library to Julius Caesar burning his ships in his siege of Alexandria, while Aulus Gellius adds an earlier removal of books by the Persians). Ammian especially hints to the faded glory of Alexandria’s libraries, especially the Serapeum (which also functioned as a temple to the Graeco-Egyptian god Serapis). Further historians attribute the destruction of the library to the ruin of <a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=WR9bsvhc4XMC&amp;pg=PA20&amp;lpg=PA20&amp;dq=Brucheion+aurelian&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=idw91tlzf4&amp;sig=bVBajSGaeEQJzGAo8mJZt7uI5c4&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ei=IoGrVM-LNISlNuzGgLgK&amp;ved=0CCwQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&amp;q=Brucheion%20aurelian&amp;f=false">Brucheion</a> (the location of the Library) Aurelian’s war against the Palmyrene Empire during the Crisis of the Third Century.</p> <p>Two more events are often mentioned as the destruction of the Library. The first is the <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Nicene_and_Post-Nicene_Fathers:_Series_II/Volume_II/Socrates/Book_V/Chapter_16">complete destruction of the Serapeum</a> by Coptic Pope Theophilus in 391 AD, as part of his decree to destroy all the pagan temples of the city. The ecclesiastical historian Socrates of Constantinople gives no mention of the books, while lesser-known Christian historian Paulus Orosius (VI.263) <a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=O3tJ9mFnwpQC&amp;pg=PA228&amp;source=gbs_toc_r&amp;cad=3#v=snippet&amp;q=book%20chests&amp;f=false">notes</a> that the books burned (of which he laments) were not the same as the original collection of the Library. The other event is the Caliphate’s invasion of Egypt in 642 AD. The destruction of the Library is dubiously recorded by <a href="http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2010/09/10/abd-al-latifs-account-of-egypt-and-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria/">Abd al-Latif al Baghdadi</a> and <a href="http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2010/09/24/al-qifti-on-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria/">Ibn al-Qifti</a>, who both claim that ‘Amr ibn al-‘As destroyed the Library by the orders of Caliph Umar. So many burnings, but not one has been definitively set as <em>the </em>destruction of the Library.</p> <p>But enough about the Library. The problem is this false idea of Christianity (especially Catholicism, since we all know that’s the Church attacked for the so-called “Dark Ages”) being absolutely opposed to scholarly and scientific knowledge. One need only read <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/summa/3002.htm#article4">Aquinas</a> and <a href="http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/encyclicals/documents/hf_jp-ii_enc_15101998_fides-et-ratio_en.html">John Paul II</a> to see that the tradition of the Church has been <em>fides et ratio</em>, faith and reason, that science and religion are not enemies and should not be viewed as such. Much knowledge was lost in the drawn-out destruction of the Library of Alexandria, but Christianity also preserved much knowledge. <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_Library_of_Constantinople">The Imperial Library of Constantinople</a> housed a large collection of Roman and Greek works, begun at the behest of Christian Emperor Constantius II in the 4th Century. Socrates and Plato were vastly influential on the thought of Augustine and Boethius. Many of the Church Fathers, even after Saint Augustine, as well as various authors and poets throughout the Middle Ages, knew well the works of Vergil, Cicero, Sallust, Horace, and Seneca the Younger. Saint Isidore of Seville, bishop and Doctor of the Church, sought to compile and preserve a summary of a large majority of the knowledge of Western antiquity, known as the <em><a href="http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=3ep502syZv8C">Etymologiae</a></em>. The medievals still studied the writings of <a href="http://historyofinformation.com/expanded.php?id=2749">Euclid</a>, <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerard_of_Cremona#Gerard.27s_translations">Archimedes</a>, and <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eugenius_of_Palermo&amp;redirect=no">Ptolemy</a>. Modern civil law has its roots in the <em>Corpus Juris Civilis </em>(“The Body of Civil Law”), the collection of Roman jurisprudence compiled by the Byzantine Christian Emperor Justinian. Still more Christian writers such as <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08459b.htm">Saint John Damascene</a> and <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01276a.htm">Alcuin of York</a> preserved classical learning and expanded the fields of philosophy and theology.</p> <p>The chart especially ignores the contributions to learning made by Western European Christians (i.e. Catholics) throughout the Middle Ages, including the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carolingian_Renaissance">Carolingian Renaissance</a> and especially the advances of the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Middle_Ages">High Middle Ages</a>. These include the renaissance of architecture (namely the “Gothic” style of the 12th Century), the reinterpretation of Aristotelian learning (especially in terms of renewed interest in dialectics and syllogistic logic) by the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13548a.htm">Scholastics</a>, and the foundations of the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15188a.htm">modern university system</a> (the development of which was <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madrasa#Madrasa_and_university">independent of the Islamic <em>madrasa</em></a>), with the oldest in continual use being the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02641b.htm">University of Bologna</a> (since the 11th Century).</p> <p>The chart, and by extension the general sentiment, is also <em>incredibly </em>Eurocentric (in a demeaning way) and <em>vastly</em> oblivious to the advances of other peoples throughout the world, including the Islamic Caliphate, the Tang, Song, and Yuan dynasties in China, and Late Classical India. Many of those civilizations did not suffer such a loss of learning as perceived in Western Europe. The entire idea is distasteful and ignorant.</p> </blockquote> <p>#getrekt</p>
 sa x: In ancient Egypt, any books found
 in ships coming into port, would be
 brought immediately to the library of
 Alexandria and be copied. The
 original would be kept in the library
 and the copy given back to the
 owner.
 Ultrafacts.tumblr.com
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://agentsama.tumblr.com/post/107299905099/slvrnightx-ultrafacts-aussietory">agentsama</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://slvrnightx.tumblr.com/post/97271985185/ultrafacts-aussietory">slvrnightx</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafactsblog.com/post/97269070131/aussietory-third-way-is-best-way">ultrafacts</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://aussietory.tumblr.com/post/97037485207/third-way-is-best-way-tuxedoandex">aussietory</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://third-way-is-best-way.tumblr.com/post/97026410042/tuxedoandex-kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts">third-way-is-best-way</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://tuxedoandex.tumblr.com/post/97009990157/kvotheunkvothe-ultrafacts-source-for-more">tuxedoandex</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://kvotheunkvothe.tumblr.com/post/91996111874/ultrafacts-source-for-more-facts-follow">kvotheunkvothe</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://ultrafactsblog.com/post/91744814059/source-for-more-facts-follow-ultrafacts">ultrafacts</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Library_of_Alexandria#Destruction_of_the_Library">Source</a> <strong>For more facts <a href="http://ultrafacts.tumblr.com/">follow Ultrafacts</a></strong></p>
</blockquote>
<p>EVERY TIME SOMEONE BRINGS UP THE LIBRARY OF ALEXANDRIA I GET <strong>SO ANGRY</strong>.</p>
</blockquote>
<p>but why</p>
</blockquote>
<p>Because it got burned. All of that knowledge, lost forever.</p>
</blockquote>
<p><img alt="" src="https://78.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_lkdeee4gtd1qd4jgjo1_500.jpg"/></p>
</blockquote>
<p>The library was destroyed over 1000’s of years ago. The library consisted of thousands of scrolls and books about mathematics, engineering, physiology, geography, blueprints, medicine, plays, &amp; important scriptures. Thinkers from all over the Mediterranean used to come to Alexandria to study.Most of the major work of civilization up until that point was lost. If the library still survived till this day, society may have been more advanced and we would sure know more about the ancient world.</p>
</blockquote>
<p>I get so sad whenever I think about this.</p>
</blockquote>
<p>Good God Almighty, not this “Christians ruined knowledge 4ever” bullhockey again. I am <em><strong>so</strong> </em>tired of this overused narrative.</p>
<p>Firstly, the destruction of the Library has not been attributed to a specific event. The Library had been in decline years before Jesus was even born. Multiple Roman scholars, including <a href="http://www.gutenberg.org/files/14140/14140-h/14140-h.htm#LIFE_OF_C_CAESAR">Plutarch</a> (XLIX.435), <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Roman_History/Book_XXII#XVI">Ammianus Marcellinus</a>, <a href="http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:2007.01.0072:id=v2.p.139">Aulus Gellius</a>, and <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Of_Peace_of_Mind#IX.">Seneca</a>, record the destruction of books in Alexandria, all placing the events before Christians even existed (Plutarch and Ammian specifically attribute the burning of the Library to Julius Caesar burning his ships in his siege of Alexandria, while Aulus Gellius adds an earlier removal of books by the Persians). Ammian especially hints to the faded glory of Alexandria’s libraries, especially the Serapeum (which also functioned as a temple to the Graeco-Egyptian god Serapis). Further historians attribute the destruction of the library to the ruin of <a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=WR9bsvhc4XMC&amp;pg=PA20&amp;lpg=PA20&amp;dq=Brucheion+aurelian&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=idw91tlzf4&amp;sig=bVBajSGaeEQJzGAo8mJZt7uI5c4&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ei=IoGrVM-LNISlNuzGgLgK&amp;ved=0CCwQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&amp;q=Brucheion%20aurelian&amp;f=false">Brucheion</a> (the location of the Library) Aurelian’s war against the Palmyrene Empire during the Crisis of the Third Century.</p>
<p>Two more events are often mentioned as the destruction of the Library. The first is the <a href="http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Nicene_and_Post-Nicene_Fathers:_Series_II/Volume_II/Socrates/Book_V/Chapter_16">complete destruction of the Serapeum</a> by Coptic Pope Theophilus in 391 AD, as part of his decree to destroy all the pagan temples of the city. The ecclesiastical historian Socrates of Constantinople gives no mention of the books, while lesser-known Christian historian Paulus Orosius (VI.263) <a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=O3tJ9mFnwpQC&amp;pg=PA228&amp;source=gbs_toc_r&amp;cad=3#v=snippet&amp;q=book%20chests&amp;f=false">notes</a> that the books burned (of which he laments) were not the same as the original collection of the Library. The other event is the Caliphate’s invasion of Egypt in 642 AD. The destruction of the Library is dubiously recorded by <a href="http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2010/09/10/abd-al-latifs-account-of-egypt-and-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria/">Abd al-Latif al Baghdadi</a> and <a href="http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2010/09/24/al-qifti-on-the-destruction-of-the-library-of-alexandria/">Ibn al-Qifti</a>, who both claim that ‘Amr ibn al-‘As destroyed the Library by the orders of Caliph Umar. So many burnings, but not one has been definitively set as <em>the </em>destruction of the Library.</p>
<p>But enough about the Library. The problem is this false idea of Christianity (especially Catholicism, since we all know that’s the Church attacked for the so-called “Dark Ages”) being absolutely opposed to scholarly and scientific knowledge. One need only read <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/summa/3002.htm#article4">Aquinas</a> and <a href="http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/encyclicals/documents/hf_jp-ii_enc_15101998_fides-et-ratio_en.html">John Paul II</a> to see that the tradition of the Church has been <em>fides et ratio</em>, faith and reason, that science and religion are not enemies and should not be viewed as such. Much knowledge was lost in the drawn-out destruction of the Library of Alexandria, but Christianity also preserved much knowledge. <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_Library_of_Constantinople">The Imperial Library of Constantinople</a> housed a large collection of Roman and Greek works, begun at the behest of Christian Emperor Constantius II in the 4th Century. Socrates and Plato were vastly influential on the thought of Augustine and Boethius. Many of the Church Fathers, even after Saint Augustine, as well as various authors and poets throughout the Middle Ages, knew well the works of Vergil, Cicero, Sallust, Horace, and Seneca the Younger. Saint Isidore of Seville, bishop and Doctor of the Church, sought to compile and preserve a summary of a large majority of the knowledge of Western antiquity, known as the <em><a href="http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=3ep502syZv8C">Etymologiae</a></em>. The medievals still studied the writings of <a href="http://historyofinformation.com/expanded.php?id=2749">Euclid</a>, <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerard_of_Cremona#Gerard.27s_translations">Archimedes</a>, and <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eugenius_of_Palermo&amp;redirect=no">Ptolemy</a>. Modern civil law has its roots in the <em>Corpus Juris Civilis </em>(“The Body of Civil Law”), the collection of Roman jurisprudence compiled by the Byzantine Christian Emperor Justinian. Still more Christian writers such as <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08459b.htm">Saint John Damascene</a> and <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01276a.htm">Alcuin of York</a> preserved classical learning and expanded the fields of philosophy and theology.</p>
<p>The chart especially ignores the contributions to learning made by Western European Christians (i.e. Catholics) throughout the Middle Ages, including the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carolingian_Renaissance">Carolingian Renaissance</a> and especially the advances of the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Middle_Ages">High Middle Ages</a>. These include the renaissance of architecture (namely the “Gothic” style of the 12th Century), the reinterpretation of Aristotelian learning (especially in terms of renewed interest in dialectics and syllogistic logic) by the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13548a.htm">Scholastics</a>, and the foundations of the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15188a.htm">modern university system</a> (the development of which was <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madrasa#Madrasa_and_university">independent of the Islamic <em>madrasa</em></a>), with the oldest in continual use being the <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02641b.htm">University of Bologna</a> (since the 11th Century).</p>
<p>The chart, and by extension the general sentiment, is also <em>incredibly </em>Eurocentric (in a demeaning way) and <em>vastly</em> oblivious to the advances of other peoples throughout the world, including the Islamic Caliphate, the Tang, Song, and Yuan dynasties in China, and Late Classical India. Many of those civilizations did not suffer such a loss of learning as perceived in Western Europe. The entire idea is distasteful and ignorant.</p>
</blockquote>

<p>#getrekt</p>

<p><a class="tumblr_blog" href="http://agentsama.tumblr.com/post/107299905099/slvrnightx-ultrafacts-aussietory">agentsama</a>:</p> <block...