His
His

His

Colony
Colony

Colony

Start
Start

Start

Female Friend
Female Friend

Female Friend

Happy Treason Day
Happy Treason Day

Happy Treason Day

Abandonment
Abandonment

Abandonment

But
But

But

Ungratefully
Ungratefully

Ungratefully

sir-youve-been-in-a-coma
sir-youve-been-in-a-coma

sir-youve-been-in-a-coma

sealed
sealed

sealed

🔥 | Latest

Apple, Facebook, and Football: tibets Reporter wears grape costume to defend boy suspended for banana suit captain-price-official: shatterstag: gaymergirls: basedheisenberg: Real recognizes real. I finally got curious and decided to google this story, and the headline is just the tip of the iceberg.  Let it never be said again that journalism is a humorless business. Covering an odd tale about a 14-year-old autistic boy who was handcuffed by police and suspended for running down the sidelines of a high school football game at halftime wearing a banana costume, Washington, D.C. reporter Pat Collins donned a grape suit and went out to get his story. Speaking to Bryan Thompson, who pulled the prank on Sept. 14 and found himself at the center of a controversy over the school’s response, Collins’ sarcastic outrage seemed palpable. “School officials accused him of being disruptive and disrespectful,” Collins said. “Frankly, I don’t see what all the fuss is about.” He asked the student: “Why a banana? Why not a … grape?” “I don’t know,” Thompson replied. “Potassium is great.” Following the prank, Colonial Forge High School Principal Karen Spillman suspended Thompson for 10 days, and even recommended that he be kicked out of school for the entire year. Shortly thereafter, Thompson had composed his own rap song about the incident (called “Free Banana Man!”), set up a Facebook page dedicated to “Banana Man,” and someone even launched a petition calling for his suspension to be lifted. Thompson’s outrage at the punishment was shared by his fellow students, who began creating yellow t-shirts that read, “Free Banana Man!” So the school did what schools so often do when their authority is challenged: they banned the shirts, began confiscating them, and sent students to detention for supporting their classmate. That’s when the American Civil Liberties Union got involved, telling the principal that her actions were unconstitutional. “But when you think about it, you might see [the school’s] point,” Collins jokingly concluded. “It starts with a banana. Then, all of the sudden, you have an apple, and an orange, and maybe a grape! And before you know it, you have fruit salad in the schools! We can’t have that.” The school’s principal was ultimately forced to resign, and Thompson has since returned to his studies. [x] NICE “I don’t know,” Thompson replied. “Potassium is great.”
Apple, Facebook, and Football: tibets
 Reporter wears grape costume to defend
 boy suspended for banana suit
captain-price-official:

shatterstag:

gaymergirls:

basedheisenberg:

Real recognizes real.


I finally got curious and decided to google this story, and the headline is just the tip of the iceberg. 

Let it never be said again that journalism is a humorless business.
Covering an odd tale about a 14-year-old autistic boy who was handcuffed by police and suspended for running down the sidelines of a high school football game at halftime wearing a banana costume, Washington, D.C. reporter Pat Collins donned a grape suit and went out to get his story.
Speaking to Bryan Thompson, who pulled the prank on Sept. 14 and found himself at the center of a controversy over the school’s response, Collins’ sarcastic outrage seemed palpable.
“School officials accused him of being disruptive and disrespectful,” Collins said. “Frankly, I don’t see what all the fuss is about.”
He asked the student: “Why a banana? Why not a … grape?”
“I don’t know,” Thompson replied. “Potassium is great.”
Following the prank, Colonial Forge High School Principal Karen Spillman suspended Thompson for 10 days, and even recommended that he be kicked out of school for the entire year.
Shortly thereafter, Thompson had composed his own rap song about the incident (called “Free Banana Man!”), set up a Facebook page dedicated to “Banana Man,” and someone even launched a petition calling for his suspension to be lifted.
Thompson’s outrage at the punishment was shared by his fellow students, who began creating yellow t-shirts that read, “Free Banana Man!”
So the school did what schools so often do when their authority is challenged: they banned the shirts, began confiscating them, and sent students to detention for supporting their classmate.
That’s when the American Civil Liberties Union got involved, telling the principal that her actions were unconstitutional.
“But when you think about it, you might see [the school’s] point,” Collins jokingly concluded. “It starts with a banana. Then, all of the sudden, you have an apple, and an orange, and maybe a grape! And before you know it, you have fruit salad in the schools! We can’t have that.”
The school’s principal was ultimately forced to resign, and Thompson has since returned to his studies. [x]


NICE



“I don’t know,” Thompson replied. “Potassium is great.”

captain-price-official: shatterstag: gaymergirls: basedheisenberg: Real recognizes real. I finally got curious and decided to google t...

Bailey Jay, Community, and Energy: strongblacklead Liked by chance_perdomo and 8,854 others strongblacklead A warlock with the face of an angel. @chance-perdomo #caos Comments bigbrotherzook He ain't black 5d 1 like Reply Hide replies chance-perdomo # @bigbrotherzook Sorry my lack of gold chains & grills are misleading to your limited concept of blackness 5d 406 likes Reply View previous replies (26) bigbrotherzook @duffboy3 i could care less about how "black" he is but he isn't lol.. that all I'm saying 5d Reply colorsandfruit @bigbrotherzook u can't tell anyone how black they are. If you have African DNA and a black parent then you are black period. U commenting on his blackness means nothing because his hair strands say black. This whole thread is you justifying how he isn't black when you could be using your energy somewhere else. No matter what you say he's perceived as black and has a black parent so he's black. It's not a matter of opinion it's fact. r U might as well delete your comment because you're gonna continue to be dragged. 5d 23 likes Reply bigbrotherzook @colorsandfruit girl shit up and stay in a woman's place, this does not concern you. 5d 1 like Reply chance_perdomo Alrighty, imma just get it out of the way. "Chains & grills" comment was supposed to be in poor taste 1: this is the stereotype perpetuated by societal remnants of archaic colonial- thinking. There is no set "book- cover" with which to judge the African diaspora & their descendants 2: @bigbrotherzook 's comments shit on & divide members of the community much like the "colonial masters" would want. THE CYCLE PERPETUATES Prove my Blackness? it's Very reminiscent of Trump's obsession with Obama's Birth certificate, no? clear something up for you: I AM a Black child, raised by a Latina Mother, educated in a VERY white society. Always one of 5 "black kids" in all of my schools. Seen as black by their community, seen as white in my own cause I didn't "act black", had lighter pigmentation & didn't do the dance the colonial masters would have wanted. For refusing to perpetuate poisonous ideologies & archaic beliefs. Call me biracial by all means, it's really no sweat off my back - imma do me, be me & you can call me whatever helps you sleep better. What I have qualms with is your divisive mentality perpetuating the problem. & please don't ever disrespect a woman not even in the comments Not only is that shitty as a Man...but it perpetuates the "black men ain't shit" narrative. 4d 94 likes Reply ambrosechance:
Bailey Jay, Community, and Energy: strongblacklead
 Liked by chance_perdomo and 8,854 others
 strongblacklead A warlock with the face of an angel.
 @chance-perdomo #caos

 Comments
 bigbrotherzook He ain't black
 5d 1 like Reply
 Hide replies
 chance-perdomo #
 @bigbrotherzook Sorry my lack of
 gold chains & grills are misleading
 to your limited concept of blackness
 5d 406 likes Reply

 View previous replies (26)
 bigbrotherzook @duffboy3 i could
 care less about how "black" he is
 but he isn't lol.. that all I'm saying
 5d Reply
 colorsandfruit @bigbrotherzook u
 can't tell anyone how black they
 are. If you have African DNA and a
 black parent then you are black
 period. U commenting on his
 blackness means nothing because
 his hair strands say black. This
 whole thread is you justifying how
 he isn't black when you could be
 using your energy somewhere else.
 No matter what you say he's
 perceived as black and has a black
 parent so he's black. It's not a
 matter of opinion it's fact. r U
 might as well delete your comment
 because you're gonna continue to
 be dragged.
 5d 23 likes Reply
 bigbrotherzook @colorsandfruit girl
 shit up and stay in a woman's place,
 this does not concern you.
 5d 1 like Reply

 chance_perdomo Alrighty, imma
 just get it out of the way. "Chains &
 grills" comment was supposed to
 be in poor taste 1: this is the
 stereotype perpetuated by societal
 remnants of archaic colonial-
 thinking. There is no set "book-
 cover" with which to judge the
 African diaspora & their
 descendants
 2: @bigbrotherzook 's comments
 shit on & divide members of the
 community much like the "colonial
 masters" would want. THE
 CYCLE PERPETUATES Prove
 my Blackness? it's Very reminiscent
 of Trump's obsession with Obama's
 Birth certificate, no?
 clear something up for you: I AM a
 Black child, raised by a Latina
 Mother, educated in a VERY white
 society. Always one of 5 "black
 kids" in all of my schools. Seen as
 black by their community, seen as
 white in my own cause I didn't "act
 black", had lighter pigmentation &
 didn't do the dance the colonial
 masters would have wanted. For
 refusing to perpetuate poisonous
 ideologies & archaic beliefs. Call me
 biracial by all means, it's really no
 sweat off my back - imma do me,
 be me & you can call me whatever
 helps you sleep better. What I have
 qualms with is your divisive

 mentality perpetuating the problem.
 & please don't ever disrespect a
 woman not even in the comments
 Not only is that shitty as a Man...but
 it perpetuates the "black men ain't
 shit" narrative.
 4d 94 likes Reply
ambrosechance:

ambrosechance:

America, Bless Up, and Bruh: My (almost 16) good boy is deaf. He didn't hear us come through the back and thinks we are still in the car. vid: reddit u/romansamurai Dromashlove 0:00 0:26 Bro. Tell me why every American hit show got a lead actor playing an American but in real life he British asf with a British accent. The Wire - Dominic West is a Brit. Walking Dead - Andrew Lincoln is a Brit...hol up...AND Lennie James is a Brit! Watch a interview bruv! Your head will explode! On walking dead u see Lennie playing Morgan Jones sounding American asf and then u see a interview and he wearing spectacles and a flannel shirt talmbout “Oi play the charactah Morgan Jewns in Wohkeeng Ded it’s really quat briyyant Cheerio!” Nah. Hell nah. I’m on to y’all. All u Brits with that lovely 1,000 year old accent who come to America and act better than Americans with American accents that sound more American than Americans I 👏 am 👏 on 👏 to 👏 y’all 👏. In fact I got a theory. To be honest bruh? I think y’all talk normal English and sound just like Americans when y’all hanging out in secret but when u in public u put on that cherrio lad accent YALL AINT FOOLING ME 😂. I think y’all put that accent on when the camera rolling and I don’t blame y’all. When y’all acting in American shows that’s when u talk in ya real accent I’m CONVINCED 😂. Like every kid born in England his mama like “Ello, James. Yo foive yeaz old now so eets time we told yew the truth: oi dewnt really towk like theese. In fact, James *American accent* I talk like this. Just like Americans. But we used to be the global colonial super power at once and what distinguished us is our refined English speech SEW NOW YEW GOT TO LEAHN BOTH. IN PROIVATE, YEW CAN TAWK NOH-MAL. IN PUBLIC YEW MUST SPEAK WITH THIS CHEERIO-BRIYYANT-VERY GOOD GUVANNAH TYPE AFFECTATION. OKAY JAMES? And James just like “wow we thought the Canadians were wild for doing the English-French joint but we literally speak English TWO TYPE OF WAYS? Yes James. Yes. But guess what? It’s finna allow u to colonize acting like ya forefathers colonized India LMAOOO. AND IT AIN’T EEN A RACE THING. OL BOY FROM “Get Out”? BRITISH ASF 😂. Watch a interview and see how he REALLY talk...SUPPOSABLY 😂. BLESS UP 🇬🇧😂❤️
America, Bless Up, and Bruh: My (almost 16) good boy is deaf. He
 didn't hear us come through the back and
 thinks we are still in the car.
 vid: reddit u/romansamurai
 Dromashlove
 0:00
 0:26
Bro. Tell me why every American hit show got a lead actor playing an American but in real life he British asf with a British accent. The Wire - Dominic West is a Brit. Walking Dead - Andrew Lincoln is a Brit...hol up...AND Lennie James is a Brit! Watch a interview bruv! Your head will explode! On walking dead u see Lennie playing Morgan Jones sounding American asf and then u see a interview and he wearing spectacles and a flannel shirt talmbout “Oi play the charactah Morgan Jewns in Wohkeeng Ded it’s really quat briyyant Cheerio!” Nah. Hell nah. I’m on to y’all. All u Brits with that lovely 1,000 year old accent who come to America and act better than Americans with American accents that sound more American than Americans I 👏 am 👏 on 👏 to 👏 y’all 👏. In fact I got a theory. To be honest bruh? I think y’all talk normal English and sound just like Americans when y’all hanging out in secret but when u in public u put on that cherrio lad accent YALL AINT FOOLING ME 😂. I think y’all put that accent on when the camera rolling and I don’t blame y’all. When y’all acting in American shows that’s when u talk in ya real accent I’m CONVINCED 😂. Like every kid born in England his mama like “Ello, James. Yo foive yeaz old now so eets time we told yew the truth: oi dewnt really towk like theese. In fact, James *American accent* I talk like this. Just like Americans. But we used to be the global colonial super power at once and what distinguished us is our refined English speech SEW NOW YEW GOT TO LEAHN BOTH. IN PROIVATE, YEW CAN TAWK NOH-MAL. IN PUBLIC YEW MUST SPEAK WITH THIS CHEERIO-BRIYYANT-VERY GOOD GUVANNAH TYPE AFFECTATION. OKAY JAMES? And James just like “wow we thought the Canadians were wild for doing the English-French joint but we literally speak English TWO TYPE OF WAYS? Yes James. Yes. But guess what? It’s finna allow u to colonize acting like ya forefathers colonized India LMAOOO. AND IT AIN’T EEN A RACE THING. OL BOY FROM “Get Out”? BRITISH ASF 😂. Watch a interview and see how he REALLY talk...SUPPOSABLY 😂. BLESS UP 🇬🇧😂❤️

Bro. Tell me why every American hit show got a lead actor playing an American but in real life he British asf with a British accent. The Wir...

Philadelphia, British, and Pennsylvania: British interrogation of a colonial citizen, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (July 4, 1776. Colorized)
Philadelphia, British, and Pennsylvania: British interrogation of a colonial citizen, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (July 4, 1776. Colorized)

British interrogation of a colonial citizen, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (July 4, 1776. Colorized)

Empire, Britain, and Colonial: Britain completes its colonial empire (1858, colorized)
Empire, Britain, and Colonial: Britain completes its colonial empire (1858, colorized)

Britain completes its colonial empire (1858, colorized)

America, Ash, and Books: THE CRYSTAL BIBLE Hall OSTA RA A PRACTICAL CUIDET TOTHe RUNES The Path -Christian Witch CHAKRAS CRYSTALS For Beginners POND For Beginners KENNER witchcraften, a Shoestring : * Blake , * LITTL -WHITE SPELLS MODERN WITCHCRAFI Book of Love Spells A MODEAN-DAY wHITE WITcH'S GUIDE The Witchs Brom Blak Witchs Grimoire usp Anm ork Silver's Spells for PROSPERITY RavenWoll ARRET--> THE CHEROKEE HERBAL Silver's Spells fer LOVE THE WICCAN YEAR 2攤 The Good Cat Spell Book KEMP WICCAfor BEGINNERS SABIN Al Sylvan The Circle Within PAXSON THE WAy OF THE ORACLE acer AL1715 By Oak, Ash,&ChoRn Conway DRUH-D--P-O V/ E R-一wolf e @ THE BOoR OF CRYSTAL SPELLS GRANT THE DRUID MAGIC Greer Handbook in the shadow of 13 moons ShermanCook ENCHANTMENT of the FAERIE REALM Andrews EMBRACING THE MOON。 Galenorn-I DANCING WITH THE SUN Galenorn e THE MODERN GUIDE TO WilChcPali Tarol imoire . The MODERN WITCHCRAFT Book of THE MODERN WITCHCRAFT THE MODERN WITCHORAFT SPELL BOOK 19 @ ) 邪itehereft Tu、Goddess is inthe (l)etails EVERYDAY WITCHCRAFT Blahe A WITCH'S NOTEBOOK RAVENWOLF the book of Celtic Magic-from the Cauldron ofAwen Hughes。 Transformative Teachings from the Cauldron of Awen ughes ook of Celtic Vagic THE JOURNEY INTO SPIRIT HUGHES HOLLAND LIVING WICCA WICCA SOLITARY PRACTTIONER A WITCHS GUIDE to FAERY FOLK Mccoy THE WICCA HANDBOOK CUNNINGHAM CUNNINGHAM ? ANIMAL MAGICK king withFaili s CoNWAYO Working with Familiars MAIDEN, MOTHER, CRONE CONWAY AS CRYSTAL, GEM & METAL MACIC O The Complete Book of Incense, Oils &Brews Cunningham O CUNNINGHAM'S ENCYCLOPEDIA OF MAGICAL HERBS HEALING POWER of Faerya 댜 WICCA FOR ONE.nRAYMOND BUCKLAND E EES STARHAWK THE SPIRAL DANCE GREERTHE Druidry Handbook SOLITARY WICCA FOR LIFE Muphy Murphy-Hiscock GREEN WITCHCRAFT MOUIEAO A LITTLE BIT OF CRYSTALS - EASON STERLING ETHOs LITTLE BIT OF BUDDHA MERCREE STERLING ETHOS A LITTLE BIT OF DRGAMS MWeNABL The MAGICAL HOUSEHOLD HARINGTON Mageal JERAS CUNNINGHAM AL7715 DRAWING DOWN THE MOON WITCHES, DRUIDS GODDESS-WORSHIPPERS AND OTHER PAGANS IN AMERICA STARHAWKTHE EARTH PATHe TEEN SPIRIT WICCA DAVID SALISBURY Silvers Spells for Profectio EARTH, AIR, FIRE & WATER Cunningham EARTH POWER Ravenwolf Cunningham The Book of babotns STERLING ETHOS Everyday Moon Magic MORRISON EVERYDAY MAGIC Morrison Everyday Sun Magic MORRISON if you want to be 0W ITCH McCoy YORAIN S LITTLE, BROWN THE STATIONS OF THE SUN THE TRIUMPH OF THE MOON oLitar TO STIR A MAGICK CAULDRON TO LIGHTA SACRED FLAN TO RIDE A SILVER BROOMSTICK ulf FAERY CRAF ING D dvanced ltfitchcraft Celtic Myth & Magick McCoy Zoncing unth raqopj BUCKLAND'S COMPLETE BOOK OF WITCHCRAFT D. J. Conwav WITCHCRAFT THE PATH OF DRUIDRY BILLINGTON ANIMAL SPEAK ANDREWS TEEN WITCH RAVENWOLF MOON MAGICK CONWA HALLOWEEN RAVENWOLF WICCA TEACHINGS ANNTRODUCTİON AND PRACTICAL GuDE TONY BELL ngels COMPANIONS IN MAGICK RAVEN WOLF ENCYCLOPEDIA OF NATURAL MAGIC GREER Oi DITCH Blaks Book op Ritual Grimoire for the Green Witch MOURA CİRCLe, coven &. g CHRISTOPAGANISM HIGGINBOTHAM THE CRAFT AWTCHDBOOK, A MORRISON Al Rove slake ARTE SPELLCRAFT FOR A MAGICAL YEAR <p><a href="https://ergiinmiddleearth.tumblr.com/post/165468566165/northern-seidmadr-mystic-starseed" class="tumblr_blog">ergiinmiddleearth</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://northern-seidmadr.tumblr.com/post/165466440589/mystic-starseed-lunarecord-mystic-starseed" class="tumblr_blog">northern-seidmadr</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://mystic-starseed.tumblr.com/post/165460846122/lunarecord-mystic-starseed" class="tumblr_blog">mystic-starseed</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://lunarecord.tumblr.com/post/165459819916/mystic-starseed-oracleandmagickwithlily" class="tumblr_blog">lunarecord</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://mystic-starseed.tumblr.com/post/165459765367/oracleandmagickwithlily-mystic-starseed" class="tumblr_blog">mystic-starseed</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://oracleandmagickwithlily.tumblr.com/post/165459630532/mystic-starseed-oracleandmagickwithlily" class="tumblr_blog">oracleandmagickwithlily</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://mystic-starseed.tumblr.com/post/165458290202/oracleandmagickwithlily-yes-i-am-trash" class="tumblr_blog">mystic-starseed</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://oracleandmagickwithlily.tumblr.com/post/165457804792/yes-i-am-trash-oracleandmagickwithlily-all-my" class="tumblr_blog">oracleandmagickwithlily</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="https://yes-i-am-trash.tumblr.com/post/165456466302/oracleandmagickwithlily-all-my-witchcraft-and" class="tumblr_blog">yes-i-am-trash</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="http://oracleandmagickwithlily.tumblr.com/post/165204911637/all-my-witchcraft-and-wicca-books-i-got-2" class="tumblr_blog">oracleandmagickwithlily</a>:</p> <blockquote><p>All my Witchcraft and Wicca books. I got 2 currently on Order but yeah…lol…hope you can read them okay</p></blockquote> <p>Chakras are cultural appropriation </p> </blockquote> <p>I read on all kinds of topics, I don’t always do the topics I read on. I’m not gonna not learn something just due to the color of my skin. Knowledge is knowledge. </p> </blockquote> <p class="npf_quirky" data-npf='{"subtype":"quirky"}'>Acknowledging and working with your chakras is not cultural appropriation 🌠</p> </blockquote> <p>Exactly! If I read on it and then mocked them or where they came from, then there would be an issue. I’m not gonna avoid learning just because I am white. That’s stupid. </p> </blockquote> <p>I totally agree! Don’t let naysayers get to ya 😄🌠💖</p> </blockquote> <p>well stealing and using someones culture as if it were your own is definitely cultural appropriation. gotta unfollow sorry</p> </blockquote> <p class="npf_quirky" data-npf='{"subtype":"quirky"}'>Working with your chakras (that every human being has) is not stealing culture from anyone 🌠</p> <p>and if you gotta unfollow someone for having a completely unproblematic viewpoint on something that is essentially a non-issue, fine by me 🖑</p> </blockquote> <p>So hey, here’s some people to unfollow or block for shitty reactions to a call out on appropriation 👌</p> </blockquote> <p>Its rare to see a pile in which a Tin Bird Dog book isn’t the worst.  😂 </p> <p>Seriously though. “Energy points” is not a less magical term, and it has less colonial baggage. Its also more versatile, especially for New Age tangents. </p> </blockquote>
America, Ash, and Books: THE CRYSTAL BIBLE
 Hall
 OSTA RA
 A PRACTICAL
 CUIDET TOTHe RUNES
 The Path
 -Christian Witch
 CHAKRAS
 CRYSTALS
 For Beginners
 POND
 For Beginners
 KENNER
 witchcraften, a Shoestring : * Blake , *
 LITTL -WHITE SPELLS
 MODERN WITCHCRAFI Book of Love Spells
 A MODEAN-DAY wHITE WITcH'S GUIDE
 The Witchs Brom Blak
 Witchs Grimoire usp Anm ork
 Silver's Spells for PROSPERITY RavenWoll
 ARRET--> THE CHEROKEE HERBAL
 Silver's Spells fer LOVE
 THE WICCAN YEAR
 2攤
 The Good Cat Spell Book
 KEMP
 WICCAfor BEGINNERS SABIN Al
 Sylvan
 The Circle Within
 PAXSON
 THE WAy OF THE ORACLE

 acer
 AL1715
 By Oak, Ash,&ChoRn Conway
 DRUH-D--P-O V/ E R-一wolf e
 @
 THE BOoR OF CRYSTAL SPELLS
 GRANT
 THE DRUID MAGIC
 Greer
 Handbook
 in the shadow of 13 moons ShermanCook
 ENCHANTMENT of the FAERIE REALM Andrews
 EMBRACING THE MOON。
 Galenorn-I
 DANCING WITH THE SUN
 Galenorn
 e THE MODERN GUIDE TO WilChcPali
 Tarol
 imoire
 .
 The MODERN WITCHCRAFT Book of
 THE MODERN WITCHCRAFT
 THE MODERN WITCHORAFT SPELL BOOK
 19

 @ )
 邪itehereft
 Tu、Goddess is inthe (l)etails
 EVERYDAY WITCHCRAFT
 Blahe
 A WITCH'S NOTEBOOK
 RAVENWOLF
 the book of Celtic Magic-from the Cauldron ofAwen Hughes。
 Transformative Teachings
 from the Cauldron of Awen ughes
 ook of Celtic Vagic
 THE JOURNEY INTO SPIRIT HUGHES
 HOLLAND
 LIVING WICCA
 WICCA SOLITARY PRACTTIONER
 A WITCHS GUIDE to FAERY FOLK Mccoy
 THE WICCA HANDBOOK
 CUNNINGHAM
 CUNNINGHAM
 ? ANIMAL MAGICK king withFaili s CoNWAYO
 Working with Familiars
 MAIDEN, MOTHER, CRONE CONWAY
 AS CRYSTAL, GEM & METAL MACIC O
 The Complete Book of Incense, Oils &Brews Cunningham O
 CUNNINGHAM'S
 ENCYCLOPEDIA OF MAGICAL HERBS
 HEALING POWER of Faerya
 댜 WICCA FOR ONE.nRAYMOND BUCKLAND E EES
 STARHAWK THE SPIRAL DANCE
 GREERTHE Druidry Handbook
 SOLITARY WICCA FOR LIFE Muphy
 Murphy-Hiscock
 GREEN WITCHCRAFT MOUIEAO

 A LITTLE BIT OF
 CRYSTALS
 -
 EASON STERLING ETHOs
 LITTLE BIT OF BUDDHA MERCREE STERLING ETHOS
 A LITTLE BIT OF DRGAMS MWeNABL
 The MAGICAL HOUSEHOLD HARINGTON
 Mageal JERAS CUNNINGHAM
 AL7715
 DRAWING DOWN
 THE MOON
 WITCHES, DRUIDS
 GODDESS-WORSHIPPERS
 AND OTHER PAGANS
 IN AMERICA
 STARHAWKTHE EARTH PATHe
 TEEN SPIRIT WICCA DAVID SALISBURY
 Silvers Spells for Profectio
 EARTH, AIR, FIRE & WATER Cunningham
 EARTH POWER
 Ravenwolf
 Cunningham
 The Book of babotns
 STERLING ETHOS
 Everyday Moon Magic
 MORRISON
 EVERYDAY MAGIC Morrison
 Everyday Sun Magic MORRISON
 if you want to be 0W ITCH
 McCoy
 YORAIN
 S LITTLE, BROWN
 THE STATIONS OF
 THE SUN
 THE TRIUMPH OF
 THE MOON

 oLitar
 TO STIR A MAGICK CAULDRON
 TO LIGHTA SACRED FLAN
 TO RIDE A SILVER BROOMSTICK
 ulf
 FAERY CRAF
 ING D
 dvanced ltfitchcraft
 Celtic Myth & Magick McCoy
 Zoncing unth raqopj
 BUCKLAND'S COMPLETE BOOK OF WITCHCRAFT
 D. J. Conwav
 WITCHCRAFT
 THE PATH OF DRUIDRY
 BILLINGTON
 ANIMAL SPEAK ANDREWS
 TEEN WITCH
 RAVENWOLF
 MOON MAGICK CONWA
 HALLOWEEN RAVENWOLF
 WICCA TEACHINGS
 ANNTRODUCTİON AND PRACTICAL GuDE
 TONY BELL
 ngels COMPANIONS IN MAGICK RAVEN WOLF
 ENCYCLOPEDIA OF NATURAL MAGIC GREER Oi
 DITCH Blaks
 Book op Ritual
 Grimoire for the Green Witch MOURA
 CİRCLe, coven &. g
 CHRISTOPAGANISM HIGGINBOTHAM
 THE CRAFT AWTCHDBOOK, A MORRISON Al
 Rove slake
 ARTE SPELLCRAFT FOR A MAGICAL YEAR
<p><a href="https://ergiinmiddleearth.tumblr.com/post/165468566165/northern-seidmadr-mystic-starseed" class="tumblr_blog">ergiinmiddleearth</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a href="http://northern-seidmadr.tumblr.com/post/165466440589/mystic-starseed-lunarecord-mystic-starseed" class="tumblr_blog">northern-seidmadr</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a href="http://mystic-starseed.tumblr.com/post/165460846122/lunarecord-mystic-starseed" class="tumblr_blog">mystic-starseed</a>:</p>

<blockquote>
<p><a href="http://lunarecord.tumblr.com/post/165459819916/mystic-starseed-oracleandmagickwithlily" class="tumblr_blog">lunarecord</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a href="http://mystic-starseed.tumblr.com/post/165459765367/oracleandmagickwithlily-mystic-starseed" class="tumblr_blog">mystic-starseed</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a href="http://oracleandmagickwithlily.tumblr.com/post/165459630532/mystic-starseed-oracleandmagickwithlily" class="tumblr_blog">oracleandmagickwithlily</a>:</p>

<blockquote>
<p><a href="http://mystic-starseed.tumblr.com/post/165458290202/oracleandmagickwithlily-yes-i-am-trash" class="tumblr_blog">mystic-starseed</a>:</p>

<blockquote>
<p><a href="http://oracleandmagickwithlily.tumblr.com/post/165457804792/yes-i-am-trash-oracleandmagickwithlily-all-my" class="tumblr_blog">oracleandmagickwithlily</a>:</p>

<blockquote>
<p><a href="https://yes-i-am-trash.tumblr.com/post/165456466302/oracleandmagickwithlily-all-my-witchcraft-and" class="tumblr_blog">yes-i-am-trash</a>:</p>
<blockquote>
<p><a href="http://oracleandmagickwithlily.tumblr.com/post/165204911637/all-my-witchcraft-and-wicca-books-i-got-2" class="tumblr_blog">oracleandmagickwithlily</a>:</p>

<blockquote><p>All my Witchcraft and Wicca books. I got 2 currently on Order but yeah…lol…hope you can read them okay</p></blockquote>

<p>Chakras are cultural appropriation </p>
</blockquote>
<p>I read on all kinds of topics, I don’t always do the topics I read on. I’m not gonna not learn something just due to the color of my skin. Knowledge is knowledge. </p>
</blockquote>

<p class="npf_quirky" data-npf='{"subtype":"quirky"}'>Acknowledging and working with your chakras is not cultural appropriation 🌠</p>
</blockquote>

<p>Exactly! If I read on it and then mocked them or where they came from, then there would be an issue. I’m not gonna avoid learning just because I am white. That’s stupid. </p>
</blockquote>

<p>I totally agree! Don’t let naysayers get to ya 😄🌠💖</p>
</blockquote>
<p>well stealing and using someones culture as if it were your own is definitely cultural appropriation. gotta unfollow sorry</p>
</blockquote>
<p class="npf_quirky" data-npf='{"subtype":"quirky"}'>Working with your chakras (that every human being has) is not stealing culture from anyone 🌠</p>
<p>and if you gotta unfollow someone for having a completely unproblematic viewpoint on something that is essentially a non-issue, fine by me 🖑</p>
</blockquote>

<p>So hey, here’s some people to unfollow or block for shitty reactions to a call out on appropriation 👌</p>
</blockquote>
<p>Its rare to see a pile in which a Tin Bird Dog book isn’t the worst. 

😂 

</p>
<p>Seriously though. “Energy points” is not a less magical term, and it has less colonial baggage. Its also more versatile, especially for New Age tangents. </p>
</blockquote>

ergiinmiddleearth: northern-seidmadr: mystic-starseed: lunarecord: mystic-starseed: oracleandmagickwithlily: mystic-starseed: orac...

America, Books, and Deer: MAKE AMERICA AN ENDLESS EXPANSE OF OLD-GROWTH FOREST WITH NO CERTAIN BORDERS AGAIN virulentblog: plaid-flannel: Seen in the window at Gulf of Maine Books in Brunswick, Maine. Photo: Bill Roorbach Except America wasn’t an endless expanse of forest with no certain borders. At least not while human beings inhabited it. The idea that native peoples did not cultivate or shape our land and that we had no borders is white propaganda meant to dehumanize and de-legitimize native peoples. This illustration here show Apalachee people using slash and burn methods for agriculture. Fires were set regularly to intention burn down forests and plains. Why would we do this? Well because an unregulated forest isn’t that great for people, actually. We set fires to destroy new forest growth and undergrowth, and to remove trees, allowing for easier game hunting, nutrient enriched soil, and better growth rates for crops and herbs we used in food and medicine. Pre-Colonial New England, where my tribe the Abenaki are from, looked more like an extensive meadow or savannah with trees growing in pockets and groves. Enough woodland to support birds, deer, and moose, but not too much to make hunting difficult. We carefully shaped the land around us to suit our needs as a thriving and successful people. Slash and burn agriculture was practiced virtually everywhere in the new world, from the pacific coast to chesapeake bay, from panama to quebec. It was a highly successful way of revitalizing the land and promoting crop growth, as well as preventing massive forest fires that thrive in unregulated forests. Berries were the major source of fruit for my tribe, and we needed to burn the undergrowth so they could grow. That changed when white people invaded, and brought with them disease. In my tribe, up to 9 in 10 people died. 90% of our people perished not from violence starvation, but from disease. Entire villages would be decimated, struck down by small pox. Suddenly, we couldn’t care for the land anymore. There weren’t enough of us to maintain a vast, carefully structured ecological system like we had for thousands of years. We didn’t have the numbers, or strength. So the trees grew back and unregulated. We couldn’t set fires anymore, and we couldn’t cultivate the land. And white people would make certain we never could again. Timber, after all, was the most important export from New England.  Endless trees and untamed wilderness is a nice fantasy. But it’s a very white fantasy, one that erases the history of my people and of my land. One that paints native peoples are merely parasites leeching off the land, not masters of the earth who new the right balance of hunting and agriculture. It robs us of our agency as people, and takes our accomplishments from us. Moreover, it implies that only white people ever discovered the power to shape the world around them, and that mere brown people can’t possibly have had anything to do with changing our environment. Don’t bring back untamed wilderness. Bring back my fire setters, my tree sappers, my farmers and my fishers. Bring back my people who were here first.  Sources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_use_of_fire#Role_of_fire_by_natives https://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/fsbdev3_000385.pdf http://www.sidalc.net/repdoc/A11604i/A11604i.pdf For those curious I recommend reading Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists and the Ecology of New England.https://books.google.com/books/about/Changes_in_the_Land.html?id=AHclmuykdBQCprintsec=frontcoversource=kp_read_button#v=onepageqf=false
America, Books, and Deer: MAKE AMERICA
 AN ENDLESS
 EXPANSE OF
 OLD-GROWTH
 FOREST WITH
 NO CERTAIN
 BORDERS
 AGAIN
virulentblog:

plaid-flannel:
Seen in the window at Gulf of Maine Books in Brunswick, Maine.
Photo: Bill Roorbach
Except America wasn’t an endless expanse of forest with no certain borders. At least not while human beings inhabited it. The idea that native peoples did not cultivate or shape our land and that we had no borders is white propaganda meant to dehumanize and de-legitimize native peoples.
This illustration here show Apalachee people using slash and burn methods for agriculture. Fires were set regularly to intention burn down forests and plains. Why would we do this? Well because an unregulated forest isn’t that great for people, actually. We set fires to destroy new forest growth and undergrowth, and to remove trees, allowing for easier game hunting, nutrient enriched soil, and better growth rates for crops and herbs we used in food and medicine.
Pre-Colonial New England, where my tribe the Abenaki are from, looked more like an extensive meadow or savannah with trees growing in pockets and groves. Enough woodland to support birds, deer, and moose, but not too much to make hunting difficult. We carefully shaped the land around us to suit our needs as a thriving and successful people. Slash and burn agriculture was practiced virtually everywhere in the new world, from the pacific coast to chesapeake bay, from panama to quebec. It was a highly successful way of revitalizing the land and promoting crop growth, as well as preventing massive forest fires that thrive in unregulated forests. Berries were the major source of fruit for my tribe, and we needed to burn the undergrowth so they could grow.
That changed when white people invaded, and brought with them disease. In my tribe, up to 9 in 10 people died. 90% of our people perished not from violence starvation, but from disease. Entire villages would be decimated, struck down by small pox. Suddenly, we couldn’t care for the land anymore. There weren’t enough of us to maintain a vast, carefully structured ecological system like we had for thousands of years. We didn’t have the numbers, or strength. So the trees grew back and unregulated. We couldn’t set fires anymore, and we couldn’t cultivate the land. And white people would make certain we never could again. Timber, after all, was the most important export from New England. 
Endless trees and untamed wilderness is a nice fantasy. But it’s a very white fantasy, one that erases the history of my people and of my land. One that paints native peoples are merely parasites leeching off the land, not masters of the earth who new the right balance of hunting and agriculture. It robs us of our agency as people, and takes our accomplishments from us. Moreover, it implies that only white people ever discovered the power to shape the world around them, and that mere brown people can’t possibly have had anything to do with changing our environment.
Don’t bring back untamed wilderness. Bring back my fire setters, my tree sappers, my farmers and my fishers. Bring back my people who were here first. 
Sources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_use_of_fire#Role_of_fire_by_natives
https://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/fsbdev3_000385.pdf
http://www.sidalc.net/repdoc/A11604i/A11604i.pdf
For those curious I recommend reading Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists and the Ecology of New England.https://books.google.com/books/about/Changes_in_the_Land.html?id=AHclmuykdBQCprintsec=frontcoversource=kp_read_button#v=onepageqf=false

virulentblog: plaid-flannel: Seen in the window at Gulf of Maine Books in Brunswick, Maine. Photo: Bill Roorbach Except America wasn’t an e...

Children, Complex, and Drugs: ti Taika Waititi Retweeted Zachary @ZedAyySeeKay 26 Jan 30 years ago on January 26, my grandfather Burnum Burnum planted the Aboriginal flag in England to claim it like they did to us. He had his own declaration too. It outraged so many people. It was great #InvasionDay #ChangeTheDate The Bumum Bumum Dearadioa England, 26th.Janua 1988 Pumium Bunum, being a nobdeman Pancient Sinstratia tpoesion of nglandon befatPof he lhoriginal this colonial oupost ue ulih no harm to gou e you that we ae er bring you good mamers, refinement and an opportuniytae a teapartho -a fresh stont and stamps to signhy our seigntyver this domain. ith the arth and shouw you how to get bush tucker fresh stort: nty over For the more advanced,ue bnina the complex lanquage of the Ditiantiaiara,w wil tonh you how to have a soirt bel tucker e do not intend to sowenir pichle andeserue the heads of 2000 of your people, nor to the remains of your Royak as uhs done to our Queen do we intend to pozon yourtr hokes ruqauin la your our vith stycAnine or intohihoic drs onour X000 antiquity, atthough ue nts by measuring the size of your We pledge not to steritze your ulomer to preserve the Caucasian race asof interest to be inctined to conduct exermen nor to separate your chidrenfrom their famitie placed onto the mentality of qovenment h Pe que an absotate undertaking that you shall not b ondouls For the net Pive gee- ratio ns but yuLule en oud the fute Benefits ofyBorigu ap Aiality. At the end of tuo hundred years, ue wil nake a l means and not by conouest. inaldy, ue sotemnly promise not toae a ayg to validate expont your vauable baok to the old country Austratia, and es to destroy three-quarters your trees, but to Action to unite commuunities, neligions and nations in a aninon purpose ฐา" cumaeansibyl: jadedownthedrain: I love Burnum Burnum ❤️💛🖤 more about Burnum Burnum text of the declaration: The Burnum Burnum Declaration England, 26th January, 1988 I, Burnum Burnum, being a nobleman of ancient Australia do hereby take posession of England on behalf of the Aboriginal people. In claiming this colonial outpost, we wish no harm to you natives, but assure you that we are here to bring you good manners, refinement and an opportunity to make a Koompartoo - ‘a fresh start’. Henceforth, an Aboriginal face shall appear on your coins and stamps to signify our sovreignty over this domain. For the more advanced, bring the complex language of the Pitjantjajara; we will teach you how to have a spiritual relationship with the Earth and show you how to get bush tucker. We do not intend to souvenir, pickle and preserve the heads of your 2000 of your people, nor to publicly display the skeletal remains of your Royal Highness, as was done to our Queen Truganninni for 80 years. Neither do we intend to poison your water holes, lace your flour with strychnine or introduce you to highly toxic drugs. Based on our 50,000 year heritage, we acknowledge the need to preserve the Caucasian race as of interest to antiquity, although we may be inclined to conduct experiments by measuring the size of your skulls for levels of intelligence. We pledge not to sterilise your women, nor to separate your children from their families. We give an absolute undertaking that you shall not be placed onto the mentality of government handouts for the next five generations but you will enjoy the full benefits of Aboriginal equality. At the end of two hundred years, we will make a treaty to validate occupation by peaceful means and not by conquest. Finally, we solemnly promise not to make a quarry of England and export your valuable minerals back to the old country Australia, and we vow never to destroy three-quarters of your trees, but to encourage Earth Repair Action to unite people, communities, religions and nations in a common, productive, peaceful purpose. Burnum Burnum.
Children, Complex, and Drugs: ti Taika Waititi Retweeted
 Zachary @ZedAyySeeKay 26 Jan
 30 years ago on January 26, my grandfather
 Burnum Burnum planted the Aboriginal flag in
 England to claim it like they did to us. He had
 his own declaration too. It outraged so many
 people. It was great #InvasionDay
 #ChangeTheDate

 The Bumum Bumum Dearadioa
 England, 26th.Janua 1988
 Pumium Bunum, being a nobdeman Pancient Sinstratia
 tpoesion of nglandon befatPof he
 lhoriginal
 this colonial oupost ue ulih no harm to gou
 e you that we ae er bring you good mamers, refinement
 and an opportuniytae a teapartho -a fresh stont
 and stamps to signhy our seigntyver this domain.
 ith the arth and shouw you how to get bush tucker
 fresh stort:
 nty over
 For the more advanced,ue bnina the complex lanquage of the
 Ditiantiaiara,w wil tonh you how to have a soirt
 bel tucker
 e do not intend to sowenir pichle andeserue the heads
 of 2000 of your people, nor to
 the
 remains of your Royak
 as uhs done to our Queen
 do we intend to pozon yourtr hokes
 ruqauin
 la your our vith stycAnine or intohihoic drs
 onour X000
 antiquity, atthough ue
 nts by measuring the size of your
 We pledge not to steritze your ulomer
 to preserve the Caucasian race asof interest to
 be inctined to conduct exermen
 nor to separate your chidrenfrom their famitie
 placed onto the mentality of qovenment h
 Pe que an absotate undertaking that you shall not b
 ondouls For the net Pive gee-
 ratio ns but yuLule en oud the fute Benefits ofyBorigu ap Aiality.
 At the end of tuo hundred years, ue wil nake a
 l means and not by conouest.
 inaldy, ue sotemnly promise not toae a ayg
 to validate
 expont your vauable
 baok to the
 old country Austratia, and es to destroy three-quarters
 your trees, but to
 Action to unite
 commuunities, neligions and nations in a aninon
 purpose
 ฐา"
cumaeansibyl:

jadedownthedrain:
I love Burnum Burnum ❤️💛🖤
more about Burnum Burnum
text of the declaration:

The Burnum Burnum Declaration England, 26th January, 1988
I, Burnum Burnum, being a nobleman of ancient Australia do hereby take posession of England on behalf of the Aboriginal people. In claiming this colonial outpost, we wish no harm to you natives, but assure you that we are here to bring you good manners, refinement and an opportunity to make a Koompartoo - ‘a fresh start’. Henceforth, an Aboriginal face shall appear on your coins and stamps to signify our sovreignty over this domain. For the more advanced, bring the complex language of the Pitjantjajara; we will teach you how to have a spiritual relationship with the Earth and show you how to get bush tucker.
We do not intend to souvenir, pickle and preserve the heads of your 2000 of your people, nor to publicly display the skeletal remains of your Royal Highness, as was done to our Queen Truganninni for 80 years. Neither do we intend to poison your water holes, lace your flour with strychnine or introduce you to highly toxic drugs. Based on our 50,000 year heritage, we acknowledge the need to preserve the Caucasian race as of interest to antiquity, although we may be inclined to conduct experiments by measuring the size of your skulls for levels of intelligence. We pledge not to sterilise your women, nor to separate your children from their families. We give an absolute undertaking that you shall not be placed onto the mentality of government handouts for the next five generations but you will enjoy the full benefits of Aboriginal equality. At the end of two hundred years, we will make a treaty to validate occupation by peaceful means and not by conquest.
Finally, we solemnly promise not to make a quarry of England and export your valuable minerals back to the old country Australia, and we vow never to destroy three-quarters of your trees, but to encourage Earth Repair Action to unite people, communities, religions and nations in a common, productive, peaceful purpose.
Burnum Burnum.

cumaeansibyl: jadedownthedrain: I love Burnum Burnum ❤️💛🖤 more about Burnum Burnum text of the declaration: The Burnum Burnum Declaration ...

America, Arguing, and Bad: Did you know? JURORS CAN SAY "NOT GUILTY" WHEN PEOPLE BREAK UNJUST LAWS If it shouldn't be a crime they shouldn't do the time. Share this to save good people from bad laws POWER TO THE JURY .org thecringeandwincefactory: trials-of-socrates: errors-dot-albi: thatscienceteacher: theveganarchist: stfuconservatives: lesserjoke: antigovernmentextremist: gerrycanavan: Jury nullification. Pass it on. Jury nullification is so fucking important. This is something that more people should be aware of, if only because (in many states, at least) defense attorneys are actually prohibited from mentioning it to jurors. The law allows a jury to return a “not guilty” verdict contrary to the facts of the case, but not for the defense to inform them of that power or to argue for its application in the current trial. I didn’t know about this. Wow. always reblog This is SUPER IMPORTANT and also a good reason to show up for jury duty. You know all those laws you think are stupid? This is your chance to maybe do something about it.  I…. I thought this was common knowledge… signal boosting this because it obviously isn’t! Did not know this Jury nullification in the United States has its origins in colonial British America. Similar to British law, in the United States jury nullification occurs when a jury in a criminal case reaches a verdict contrary to the weight of evidence, sometimes because of a disagreement with the relevant law.
America, Arguing, and Bad: Did you know?
 JURORS CAN SAY
 "NOT GUILTY"
 WHEN PEOPLE BREAK
 UNJUST LAWS
 If it shouldn't be a crime
 they shouldn't do the time.
 Share this to save good
 people from bad laws
 POWER TO
 THE JURY
 .org
thecringeandwincefactory:

trials-of-socrates:


errors-dot-albi:

thatscienceteacher:

theveganarchist:

stfuconservatives:

lesserjoke:

antigovernmentextremist:

gerrycanavan:

Jury nullification. Pass it on.

Jury nullification is so fucking important.

This is something that more people should be aware of, if only because (in many states, at least) defense attorneys are actually prohibited from mentioning it to jurors. The law allows a jury to return a “not guilty” verdict contrary to the facts of the case, but not for the defense to inform them of that power or to argue for its application in the current trial.

I didn’t know about this. Wow.

always reblog

This is SUPER IMPORTANT and also a good reason to show up for jury duty. You know all those laws you think are stupid? This is your chance to maybe do something about it. 

I…. I thought this was common knowledge… signal boosting this because it obviously isn’t!

Did not know this


Jury nullification in the United States has its origins in colonial British America. Similar to British law, in the United States jury nullification occurs when a jury in a criminal case reaches a verdict contrary to the weight of evidence, sometimes because of a disagreement with the relevant law.

thecringeandwincefactory: trials-of-socrates: errors-dot-albi: thatscienceteacher: theveganarchist: stfuconservatives: lesserjoke: a...

Head, Saw, and Struggle: FRANCE MILITAIRE Incendie de la Plaine du Cap Massacre des Blancs par le Noirs todayinhistory: January 1st 1804: Haitian independence On this day in 1804 French rule officially ended in Haiti, making the country the world’s first black republic. As a French colony, Haiti was largely populated with slaves and ruled by a slaveholding minority, and resentment brewed among the enslaved black majority. Inspired by the French Revolution of 1789, white planters began to push for independence from French rule as they felt underrepresented and over-taxed, thus setting the stage for an independence movement. In 1791, in one of the most remarkable events in history, slaves in Saint-Domingue (the colonial name for Haiti) seized this momentum and began a revolution which became the only successful slave rebellion in history, as it toppled the white minority rule and led to the abolition of slavery in the country. The revolution was led by former slave Toussaint l'Ouverture, nicknamed ‘the Black Napoleon’, until his death in a French prison in 1803. After a bitter struggle which saw many thousands lose their lives, the slaves of Haiti achieved their goal, defeating the French and seeing Haiti become an independent nation at the beginning of 1804. Independence was declared, and the nation was renamed ‘Haiti’, by military general and former slave Jean-Jacques Dessalines, who replaced l'Ouverture at the head of the revolution. The success of the Haitian revolution challenged the remaining slave systems of the world, especially that of the United States, as it refuted racist pro-slavery ideology that suggested African slaves were content in bondage and were incapable of political agency.
Head, Saw, and Struggle: FRANCE MILITAIRE
 Incendie de la Plaine du Cap Massacre des Blancs par le Noirs
todayinhistory:
January 1st 1804: Haitian independence
On this day in 1804 French rule officially ended in Haiti, making the country the world’s first black republic. As a French colony, Haiti was largely populated with slaves and ruled by a slaveholding minority, and resentment brewed among the enslaved black majority. Inspired by the French Revolution of 1789, white planters began to push for independence from French rule as they felt underrepresented and over-taxed, thus setting the stage for an independence movement. In 1791, in one of the most remarkable events in history, slaves in Saint-Domingue (the colonial name for Haiti) seized this momentum and began a revolution which became the only successful slave rebellion in history, as it toppled the white minority rule and led to the abolition of slavery in the country. The revolution was led by former slave Toussaint l'Ouverture, nicknamed ‘the Black Napoleon’, until his death in a French prison in 1803. After a bitter struggle which saw many thousands lose their lives, the slaves of Haiti achieved their goal, defeating the French and seeing Haiti become an independent nation at the beginning of 1804. Independence was declared, and the nation was renamed ‘Haiti’, by military general and former slave Jean-Jacques Dessalines, who replaced l'Ouverture at the head of the revolution. The success of the Haitian revolution challenged the remaining slave systems of the world, especially that of the United States, as it refuted racist pro-slavery ideology that suggested African slaves were content in bondage and were incapable of political agency.

todayinhistory: January 1st 1804: Haitian independence On this day in 1804 French rule officially ended in Haiti, making the country the wor...